Last edited 03 Sep 2020


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Design methodology refers to the development of systematic processes or methods applied in the design activities of a particular field of study or practice like architecture, urban design, industrial design. It comprises of theories, principles, guidelines, and steps necessary to be followed to achieve desired design goals.

Design Methods Refers to established and commonly used actions, tools, strategies, and approaches in the design processes, including performing various organized tasks that a designer must execute to reach the final stage of design activity.

The act of designing in architecture is a complex process. Many designers fail to express the real actions that made them reach such designs. They fail to describe their actions. They allege feelings and intuitions as factors that led to such creations. All in all, architects are able to create yet they are incapable of explaining why they reached such conclusions.


The architect approach to the design is greatly influenced by the nature and the level of the client involvement in the project. Often client dictates how the final design should be, which elements to include, and what elements should not be included in a design either for profit-based reasons or for other goals and intentions. This limits the architect's freedom to input his design feelings into the form and appearance of the final composition. Therefore there is a continual clashing between client and architect on which elements are the best fit and which are not and for which benefits. Eventually, all these interplays affect the solutions for the problem and the quality of the final product.


Tools for architectural design include techniques and basic skills persistent in the practice of architectural design. The purpose of design tools is to provide a significant set of instructions for designers to follow when performing their design tasks and also tools give primary understanding to increase and refine design analytical and theoretical skills. Design tools can also be used to describe the conceptual structure of the proposed design alternatives since design results are often products of the tools used.

The parts of the framework used to arrive in design solutions can also be taken as design tools. It may comprise of understanding the design hierarchies established, philosophies, and theories set to judge outcomes, thinking styles, and evaluation strategies.

Designing Buildings Anywhere

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