- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
- Specialist wikis
Last edited 11 Nov 2020
The term ‘separating floor’ is generally used to describe a floor designed to restrict the passage of sound between the spaces above and below. It is most commonly used in relation to residential buildings. In this context, a ‘separating wall’ is one that separates adjoining residential rooms or properties.
Construction clients may have particular acoustic requirements that should be recorded in the project brief, however, the legal requirement for building construction to resist the passage of sound is set out in part E of the building regulations, which describes requirements for:
- Dwelling-houses, flats and rooms for residential purposes.
- The common internal parts of buildings containing flats or rooms for residential purposes which give access to the flat or room.
The requirements of part E of the building regulations can be satisfied by following the guidance in Approved Document E: Resistance to the passage of sound.
Whilst not exhaustive, approved document E describes types of separating floor as:
- Floor type 1: Concrete base with ceiling and soft floor covering.
- Floor type 2: Concrete base with ceiling and floating floor.
- Floor type 2: Floating floor.
- Floor type 3: Timber frame base with ceiling and platform floor.
Three ceiling types are also described:
- A: Independent ceiling with absorbent material.
- B: Plasterboard on proprietary resilient bars with absorbent material.
- C: Plasterboard on timber battens or proprietary resilient channels with absorbent material.
Critical to the success of each construction, is the detailing of junctions between the floor and other elements such as walls and floor penetrations. Common junction details are illustrated in the approved document, as are performance standards and pre-completion testing requirements.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
Creating comfortable climates despite extreme temperatures.
Study examines how adjustable arrangements can succeed.
Government announces plans to improve accessibility.
Resource addresses pandemic-related NEC4 contract issues.
Incorporating EDI into the provision of fair access.
Government announces global innovation strategy.
An architectural biography. Book review.
The house where the future king of France lived.
The teacher, architectural technologist and mum offers her insights.
Careful planning needed as supply chain issues continue.
The sensitive conversion of a neglected Cornwall structure.
Plan stresses local involvement in city, town and village development.