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Last edited 07 Aug 2015
Section 106 exemption
On 23 March 2014, the government launched a consultation to consider scrapping Section 106 charges for self-builders, homeowners, developers wanting to bring redundant buildings back into use and builders on small sites (10 units or 1,000 sqm gross floor area). It was claimed that these charges can make such developments economically unviable. Ref gov.uk Charges adding thousands of pounds to building costs to be axed 23 March 2014.
On 28 November 2014, Eric Pickles MP, Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government (CLG) announced plans to cut the cost of building a new home for small builders by up to £140,000. This was intended to boost recovery in the housing sector following the 2008 crash. In 1990 small and medium sized builders built more than 60% of new homes, in 2014 they accounted for just a third.
The proposals made clear that Section 106 agreements should generally not be sought from the smallest housebuilders on sites of 10 homes or fewer, including self-build homes, extensions and annexes. In very rural areas, sites of 5 homes or fewer should not face the charge.
Section 106 agreements, sometimes known as planning obligations or planning gain are obligations intended to mitigate or compensate for the negative impacts of developments or to prescribe the nature of developments. They are intended to make acceptable developments which would otherwise be unacceptable. Examples include; requiring that the development provides affordable housing, requiring compensation for the loss of open space, or making a contribution to the provision of additional infrastructure to serve the development.
Section 106 agreements must be:
- Directly relevant to planning.
- Necessary to make the proposed development acceptable.
- Directly related to the proposed development.
- Reasonable and in proportion to the development.
However, the Department for Communities and Local Government suggested that some councils were charging up to £145,000, (Purbeck district council in Dorset charges up to £140,000 on a new 5-bedroom dwelling) in some cases more than the cost of building the home. On single properties in England they believed the policy would save £15,000 per home on average.
These proposals came in addition to an existing exemption from the Community Infrastructure Levy for homes that are owner-occupied and built or commissioned by individuals, families or groups of individuals for their own use.
Pickles said, ‘Small builders are being hammered by charges, which have undermined the building industry, cut jobs and forced up the cost of housing. By getting rid of these 5 and 6-figure charges, we will build more homes and help provide more low-cost and market housing.’
The Home Builders Federation said, ‘The time and expense of negotiating Section 106 affordable housing contributions on small sites, and the subsequent payments, can threaten the viability of small developments and act as another barrier to the entry and growth of smaller firms.’
Pickles also announced plans for a £25 million fund to boost development finance and unlock construction on sites of between 5 and 15 homes. This is part of the Builders Finance Fund scheme and takes the form of loans, which the developer repays on completion and sale of the homes.
NB In 2010 measures within the Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations came into force clarifying the relationship between planning obligations and the community infrastructure levy and restricting the use of planning obligations. The community infrastructure levy (CIL) is a charge that local authorities can choose to impose on new developments to fund infrastructure. The introduction of the community infrastructure levy should result in a scaling back in the imposition of planning obligations.
The Community Infrastructure Levy Regulations state that Section 106 agreements cannot be used to double charge developers for infrastructure. Once an authority has introduced the levy in its local area, it must not use section 106 agreements to fund infrastructure they intend to fund via the levy. See Community Infrastructure Levy for more information.
 High Court ruling
In a landmark case at the High Court in July 2015, Justice Holgate quashed government policy on affordable housing exemption thresholds, as a result of the which, planning guidance on planning obligations was amended to remove paragraphs 012-023. In addition, the vacant building credit policy was quashed.
West Berkshire Council and Reading Borough Council challenged these policies arguing that the consultation process had been unlawful. Justice Holgate accepted that the government had failed to take into account "obviously material" considerations.
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Community infrastructure levy.
- Planning condition.
- Planning permission.
- R (on the application of West Berkshire District Council and Reading Borough Council) v Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government.
- Section 106 agreement.
- Self-build home.
- Vacant building credit.
 External references
- DCLG, Pickles cuts stealth taxes on new homes and boosts small builders, 28 November 2014.
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