- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 09 Sep 2016
Productivity in building design and construction
Productivity is the relationship between goods and services produced and the resources used. This concept is critical for the development of any business activity, as those that do not improve their productivity compared to their competitors, are likely to fail.
An increase in production does not necessarily translate into an increase in productivity. To increase productivity, all processes that constitute a company’s activity must be analysed and their efficiency optimised. The resources necessary to increase productivity are:
- Design of new procedures or improvement of existing ones.
- Installation of more modern machinery or equipment, with a greater capacity or modernisation of existing equipment.
Improved management through a reduction in:
Loss in productivity (in terms of time of execution) results from inefficiencies in the total time invested throughout an operation.
The time taken for activities can be broken down into the following:
- Base work content. This is the quantity of work that would be required to manufacture a product or develop an activity if the project were to be perfect, if the procedure, manufacturing or execution method were ideal or if there were no losses in time attributable to any cause. This is the minimum possible time for execution.
- Unnecessary work. This is additional work required due to poor design or specification of the product, or inefficient production or operating methods.
- Ineffective or unproductive time, due to deficiencies in management or deficiencies in workers.
This text in this article is based on an extract from CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT, by Eugenio Pellicer, Víctor Yepes, José M.C. Teixeira, Helder Moura and Joaquín Catala. Valencia, Porto, 2008. The original manual is part of the Construction Managers’ Library – created within the Leonardo da Vinci (LdV) project No: PL/06/B/F/PP/174014, entitled: “COMMON LEARNING OUTCOME FOR EUROPEAN MANAGERS IN CONSTRUCTION”. It is reproduced here in a modified form with the kind permission of the Chartered Institute of Building.
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buidings Wiki
Featured articles and news
The Maldives is under threat from climate change. Read this report from BRE on their potential involvement in the region.
MHCLG update states there are still 124 private high-rise buildings with unsafe cladding and no remediation plan.
Starting a new built environment degree? We have a wide range of resources aimed at students.
Former railway chief James Blake says trust and control are key to successful infrastructure projects.
Do you know your Rococo from your De Stijl, your Gothic from your Post-modernist?
May outlines a new funding strategy for housing associations and says the 'stigma' of social housing needs to end.
RIBA launches a consultation on a new Plan of Work for Fire Safety.
This article offers some basic rules to follow when writing your next specification.
The iconic Mackintosh Building will definitely be rebuilt, board chairwoman confirms.
The machinery used to fashion stone has changed dramatically - and so have the products.
This type of pile provides support to the building, as well as acting as a heat source and a heat sink.