Last edited 21 Feb 2020

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CIOB Institute / association Website

Productivity in building design and construction

Productivity is the relationship between goods and services produced and the resources used. This concept is critical for the development of any business activity, as those that do not improve their productivity compared to their competitors, are likely to fail.

An increase in production does not necessarily translate into an increase in productivity. To increase productivity, all processes that constitute a company’s activity must be analysed and their efficiency optimised. The resources necessary to increase productivity are:

Capital investment:

Improved management through a reduction in:

  • Work involved in the product.
  • Work involved in the process.
  • Unproductive time.

Productivity must not be confused with performance, which is the relationship between forecast and executed work.

Loss in productivity (in terms of time of execution) results from inefficiencies in the total time invested throughout an operation.

The time taken for activities can be broken down into the following:


This text in this article is based on an extract from CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT, by Eugenio Pellicer, Víctor Yepes, José M.C. Teixeira, Helder Moura and Joaquín Catala. Valencia, Porto, 2008. The original manual is part of the Construction ManagersLibrary – created within the Leonardo da Vinci (LdV) project No: PL/06/B/F/PP/174014, entitled: “COMMON LEARNING OUTCOME FOR EUROPEAN MANAGERS IN CONSTRUCTION”. It is reproduced here in a modified form with the kind permission of the Chartered Institute of Building.

--CIOB

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