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Last edited 06 Mar 2021
Facility condition index FCI
The facility condition index (FCI) is a benchmark used in the facility management industry that objectively assess the current and projected condition of building assets. This tool is primarily used in the United States in government, education, housing, transportation and other organisations that operate and maintain multiple properties.
The facility condition index was initially launched in the United States in 1991. It was published by the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO), an organisation with more than 1,900 members.
 Defining the facility condition index
At its most basic level, the facility condition index is defined as the ratio of current year required renewal cost to current building replacement value. The purpose of FCI is to provide a means for assessing the building’s condition and allowing decision makers to understand building renewal funding needs.
- Monitor costs.
- Track progress.
- Identify strengths and weaknesses.
- Compare data across and between facilities.
 Data from facilities conditions assessment (FCA)
To determine the value of building assets, a facilities condition assessment (FCA) should be conducted.This is a complete review of the physical building assets based on age, construction techniques, design and materials and so on.
 Calculating FCI
- Good: 0 to 5% FCI.
- Fair: 5% to 10% FCI.
- Poor: 10% to 30% FCI.
- Critical: greater than 30% FCI
Even if a facility is in a good range, its condition should be documented on a regular basis. It can be used to prioritise maintenance and help determine how long a building should stay in operation. For instance, if a building with a 15% FCI rating is scheduled for redevelopment in three or four years, inexpensive maintenance projects can be prioritised to keep the building running until demolition is scheduled; meanwhile, expensive maintenance projects can be deferred as long as they don’t prevent the building from being used.
 FCIs for multi-facility organisations
If an organisation has multiple facilities, the FCI can be used to compare ratings throughout its portfolio. It can also be used to assign acceptable ratings for specific types of buildings within their portfolios. For instance, a mission critical building can be prioritised for improvements over other facilities.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Asset management.
- Benchmarking as business tool.
- Construction Specifications Institute CSI.
- Experience Exchange Report EER.
- Facilities management.
- Facilities management audit FMA.
- Facility condition assessment FCA.
- Key performance indicators KPI.
- Operational costs.
- Property management.
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