Last edited 06 Mar 2021

Facility condition index FCI


[edit] Introduction

The facility condition index (FCI) is a benchmark used in the facility management industry that objectively assess the current and projected condition of building assets. This tool is primarily used in the United States in government, education, housing, transportation and other organisations that operate and maintain multiple properties.

[edit] History

The facility condition index was initially launched in the United States in 1991. It was published by the National Association of College and University Business Officers (NACUBO), an organisation with more than 1,900 members.

[edit] Defining the facility condition index

At its most basic level, the facility condition index is defined as the ratio of current year required renewal cost to current building replacement value. The purpose of FCI is to provide a means for assessing the building’s condition and allowing decision makers to understand building renewal funding needs.

As a method of communicating this information to decision makers, FCI can be used as a key facility performance indicator (KPI) to:

This may improve understanding by non-facilities personnel, since it summarises the comparison of figures against the budgeted values and external, real world benchmarks.

[edit] Data from facilities conditions assessment (FCA)

To determine the value of building assets, a facilities condition assessment (FCA) should be conducted.This is a complete review of the physical building assets based on age, construction techniques, design and materials and so on.

The next step is to categorise condition assessment estimates based on established guidelines, such as the MasterFormat from the Construction Specifications Institute.

[edit] Calculating FCI

FCI is the total cost of the existing maintenance, repair, or renewal of the facility divided by the total estimated replacement value (or CRV, current replacement value) of the facility.

The value of the facility will be based on the monetary value the organisation places on the facility based on data collected from the FCA.

An accurate FCI is dependent on the cost estimates developed for the facility deficiencies and current replacement value.


The higher the FCI, the poorer the condition of the facility. The International Facility Management Association offers the following scale:

  • Good: 0 to 5% FCI.
  • Fair: 5% to 10% FCI.
  • Poor: 10% to 30% FCI.
  • Critical: greater than 30% FCI

Even if a facility is in a good range, its condition should be documented on a regular basis. It can be used to prioritise maintenance and help determine how long a building should stay in operation. For instance, if a building with a 15% FCI rating is scheduled for redevelopment in three or four years, inexpensive maintenance projects can be prioritised to keep the building running until demolition is scheduled; meanwhile, expensive maintenance projects can be deferred as long as they don’t prevent the building from being used.

Individual components or systems within the building can also be measured separately using the FCI in order to help maximise the whole life of the building.

[edit] FCIs for multi-facility organisations

If an organisation has multiple facilities, the FCI can be used to compare ratings throughout its portfolio. It can also be used to assign acceptable ratings for specific types of buildings within their portfolios. For instance, a mission critical building can be prioritised for improvements over other facilities.

[edit] Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki

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