St Peters Basilica
The Basilica Papale di San Pietro in the Vatican City, commonly known as St. Peter's Basilica, is an Italian Renaissance church located in the papal enclave within Rome, Italy. It is one of the holiest sites in Christendom, is the Pope’s principal church and is a famous site for pilgrimage and liturgical functions.
One of the largest churches in the world, it is thought to have been built on the burial site of St. Peter, one of Christ’s Apostles and the first Pope. Continuing this Catholic tradition, Popes are still buried within the basilica.
The original church dated back to around 320 CE, but construction began on the basilica in 1506 and it was only completed in 1626. Its design involved the greatest ‘Old Masters’ of the Renaissance, including Alberti, Raphael, Bramante, Michelangelo, and Bernini.
 Design and construction
Having fallen into disrepair at the end of the 15th century, the Old St. Peter’s Basilica took a typical basilical form – a wide nave, two aisles on each side and an apsidal end. Originally it was only intended to modify the building, but successive Popes decided it should be demolished and replaced with a more monumental structure. A design competition was held by Pope Julius II, and the design of Donato Bramante selected.
Bramante’s design gave the basilica the form of a Greek Cross with a dome inspired by the Pantheon, but rather than being supported by a continuous circular wall, the new basilica’s dome was designed to be supported on four large piers.
With the death of Bramante in 1514, several others were commissioned, each of whom made alterations to the original design. The iconic dome was designed largely by Michelangelo and built around 1585-1590. It was Michelangelo’s intention to realise the central unity of Bramante’s original design while ensuring the stability of the load-bearing structure through the use of four pendentives and massive piers, 60 ft thick.
The top of the dome reaches 136.6 m (448.1 ft) high, making it one of the tallest buildings of the Old World, and it still remains the tallest dome in the world. However, it no longer holds the distinction of being the largest dome by diameter.
St. Peter’s is approached via St. Peter’s Square, a forecourt encircled by a Doric colonnade derived from Greek architecture. The forecourt is split into two sections, the first oval and the second trapezoid. The basilica’s façade stretches across the end of the square, measuring 51 m (167 ft) high and 114 m (375 ft) wide. The façade was designed by Carlo Maderno and features giant Corinthian columns topped by 13 statues.
The basilica is cruciform in shape, with an elongated nave in the form of a Latin cross, adapted from the original Greek cross by successive architects. The nave is framed by a wide aisle giving access to a number of smaller chapels. The interior is lavishly decorated with marble, reliefs, architectural sculpture and gilding.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
The first ‘Virtual School’ hosted by the IHBC was launched on 19 June with lead speakers covering pandemic-related topics shaping valued places over two sessions.
Anyone can immerse themselves in Scotland’s history from home by exploring the interactive 3D models of towers, tombs, brochs and standing stones from Historic Environment Scotland (HES).
Two Brisbane skyscrapers are being stitched together to create a new ‘green’ building, the BBC has reported.
MPs and peers are being asked for their views on the planned restoration and renewal of the Houses of Parliament.
Plans are in place for a modified National Heritage Week for Ireland, which take into account ongoing restrictions on events and gatherings due to COVID-19.
Opened in 1901, and derelict for the last 30 years, the Grimsby Ice Factory is the earliest and largest known surviving ice factory in the world. It still contains an array of historic ice making equipment including four J&E Hall ammonia compressors installed in 1931.
A note on contractual obligations under the current COVID-19 pandemic has been issued by The Chartered Institute of Architectural Technologists(CIAT).
The Royal Town Planning Institute (RTPI) has called on the government to urgently issue planning guidance to prevent unnecessary delays to development from the pandemic.
The Heritage Fund has put together a list of heritage-inspired activities to be done from home.
Spring is a good time to stand back and consider any building repairs that are required over the next 12 months, notes the LPOC, and regular inspection and maintenance is the key to keeping homes in good repair, as per its accessible step-by-step guidance.
Derbyshire Fire and Rescue Service said “rapid and effective firefighting” had saved three quarters of the mill – which is now apartments.
Police have appealed for witnesses after thieves stole lead from the roof of All Saints Church in Halsham near Hedon during the coronavirus lockdown.