St. Basil's Cathedral
The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed, more popularly known as St. Basil’s Cathedral, is a church located at one end of Moscow’s Red Square. It was built between 1551 and 1561 at the behest of Ivan the Terrible as a war memorial, with the architects designing eight pillar-shaped churches on one base, arranging seven of them around the central church, using domes, polygonal towers, blank arches and sharp spires to create the shape of bonfire flames rising into the sky.
As Russian preferences moved towards the use of vivid colours during the 18th century, the onion-shaped domes were given garish individual colour schemes.
The cathedral has narrowly avoided destruction on several occasions. In the 19th century, Napoleon and his forces tried to dynamite it as they left Russia but the plan was scuppered by rain. Then in the 20th century, Stalin developed plans to destroy it, apparently for not being stylistically representative of the Soviet Union, but he was prevented by architect Pyotr Baranovsky who refused to prepare it for demolition.
Today it is a no longer a functioning church but a museum and popular tourist attraction, having become a unique and iconic symbol of Russia.
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- A House for Essex.
- Architectural styles.
- Building of the week series.
- Cathedral of Brasilia.
- Chelyabinsk Congress Hall.
- Dancing House, Prague.
- Floors of the great medieval churches.
- Florence Cathedral.
- Habitat 67.
- Heddal stave church, Norway.
- Mahabat Maqbara, India.
- St Pauls Cathedral.
- St Peters Basilica.
- The Kremlin.
- Types of dome.
- The Gherkin.
- Unusual building design of the week.
The IHBC’s Yearbook for 2019 includes regular IHBC reviews, updates and listings, from IHBC’s HESPR listing to our Recognised Conservation Courses and member directory.
The judges are delighted to confer the 2019 IHBC Marsh Awards for Successful Learning in Heritage Skills and Community Contribution (Retired Member).
CPRE shows there is enough suitable brownfield land available in England for more than 1 million homes across over 18,000 sites and over 26,000 hectares.
BBC News has reported on how, across the world, destruction of cultural attractions causes a specific sort of communal grief.
The Brick Development Association (BDA) has highlighted the opportunity to compete at the industry’s highest level and be recognised by top-tier trade and national press.
The 2019 STBA-SPAB Conference & Expo will look at the current situation of regulations and initiatives, as well as the skills training that enable our built environment to include a wealth of healthy buildings with heritage and aesthetic value.
The former Fisons warehouse in Bramford, near Ipswich, was the victim on another fire affecting our heritage. Listed Grade II and dating back to 1858 the building was destroyed by a fire thought to be arson.
A mile-long stretch of canal in Gloucestershire that disappeared more than half a century ago is closer to being restored, thanks to £4 million of funding from Highways England.
MPs vote on proposals for Houses of Parliament refurbishment, as the restoration and renewal of the Palace of Westminster reaches a major milestone.
Open Culture has featured the Venice Backstage exploration of Venice and how, when the tourists leave the city, 60,000 year-round residents stay behind.