St. Basil's Cathedral
The Cathedral of Vasily the Blessed, more popularly known as St. Basil’s Cathedral, is a church located at one end of Moscow’s Red Square. It was built between 1551 and 1561 at the behest of Ivan the Terrible as a war memorial, with the architects designing eight pillar-shaped churches on one base, arranging seven of them around the central church, using domes, polygonal towers, blank arches and sharp spires to create the shape of bonfire flames rising into the sky.
As Russian preferences moved towards the use of vivid colours during the 18th century, the onion-shaped domes were given garish individual colour schemes.
The cathedral has narrowly avoided destruction on several occasions. In the 19th century, Napoleon and his forces tried to dynamite it as they left Russia but the plan was scuppered by rain. Then in the 20th century, Stalin developed plans to destroy it, apparently for not being stylistically representative of the Soviet Union, but he was prevented by architect Pyotr Baranovsky who refused to prepare it for demolition.
Today it is a no longer a functioning church but a museum and popular tourist attraction, having become a unique and iconic symbol of Russia.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- A House for Essex.
- Architectural styles.
- Building of the week series.
- Cathedral of Brasilia.
- Chelyabinsk Congress Hall.
- Dancing House, Prague.
- Florence Cathedral.
- Habitat 67.
- Heddal stave church, Norway.
- Mahabat Maqbara, India.
- St Pauls Cathedral.
- St Peters Basilica.
- The Kremlin.
- Types of dome.
- The Gherkin.
- Unusual building design of the week.
Featured articles and news
The branch explores ‘Heritage in Law’ in its 2017 Conference, supported by Historic England which takes place in Bristol on 9 June with reduced rates for IHBC members.
Including the recommendation that ‘the current measure of % of A-listed buildings on the Buildings at Risk Register is replaced with % of pre-1919 dwellings classified as having disrepair to critical elements.’
Originally the ‘Newsletter’ of the predecessor organisation, the ACO, Context is today the historic environment practitioner’s best source for accessible expertise in contemporary conservation.
Director’s top pick this week features a call from Greenham Parish Council for a Project Manager to lead on the refurbishment of the iconic control tower of the former Greenham Common airfield.
The Mount Pleasant Neighbourhood Forum has submitted the Order as the group intends to provide 40 more affordable homes than the Royal Mail scheme that has already been granted permission.
The HLF is changing the way it funds places of worship as From September 2017, the current Grants for Places of Worship programme will close to new applications.
Locality, the link group for community-led neighbourhood organisations, seeks to uncover what is needed to reinvigorate local democracy and empower communities.
£250 million scheme to build a three-tower housing complex on the edge of Liverpool’s business district has secured approval.