- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 31 May 2018
The term 'professional practice' refers to the conduct and work of someone from a particular profession.
Professions are occupations that require a prolonged period of education and training. They are often overseen by professional bodies who may accredit educational establishments and qualified professionals. Qualification may be recognised by the designation 'member of...', 'certified', 'chartered member', 'fellow' and so on. For example, a professional member of the Chartered Institute of Architectural Technologists may use the letters MCIAT after their name (member of).
Professional bodies may set standards of ethics, performance, competence, insurance, training and so on that must be met to remain within the profession. These are typically set out in a code fo conduct.
Some professional designations are protected by law. For example, the term ‘architect’ is protected by the Architects Act 1997 which established the Architects Registration Board (ARB). Only qualified individuals that are registered with the ARB can offer their services as architects. However, rather peculiarly, the public tend to recognise the designation RIBA, denoting an architect who is also a member of the Royal Institute of British Architects. This is not a legal requirement.
Professions will have specific practices and standards that they value, but in construction there are some general principles common to most professionals:
- Act with integrity.
- Adopt an ethical approach.
- Provide a high standard of service.
- Only undertake work for which there is appropriate competence.
- Have appropriate insurance.
- Ensure that terms of appointment are clear.
- Act in a way that promotes trust in the profession.
- Do not bring the profession into disrepute.
- Do not discriminate against parties on any grounds.
- Demonstrate a commitment to continuing professional development.
- Offer a dispute resolution service.
Contracts may include terms requiring that the contracted party exercise 'reasonable skill and care', and in interpreting this, the courts may take into account the professional standard that might be expected. That is, a party advertising services as a professional architect would be expected to demonstrate the level of skill and care of a competent architect.
An architect offering services in a specialist field might be expected to demonstrate a higher level of skill and care, of a competent specialist. The more skilled a person, the more the care that can be expected of them. For more information see: Reasonable skill and care.
See also: Professional conduct.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Chartered surveyor.
- Corporate social responsibility in construction.
- Ethical sourcing.
- Ethics in construction.
- Fair payment practices.
- International Ethics Standards Coalition.
- Practice management.
- Professional conduct.
- Reasonable skill and care.
- The architectural profession.
- Types of construction organisation.
- What is a Chartered Practice?
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