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Last edited 05 Jun 2018
House in multiple occupation
According to gov.uk, a house in multiple occupation (HMO) is:
|… a property rented out by at least 3 people who are not from 1 ‘household’ (e.g. a family) but share facilities like the bathroom and kitchen. It’s sometimes called a ‘house share’.|
An HMO is defined as ‘large’ if:
- It is rented to five or more people who form more than one household.
- It is at least three storeys high.
- Tenants share toilet, bathroom or kitchen facilities.
- Ensure the house is suitable for the number of occupants (size and facilities).
- Ensure the manager of the house is considered to be ‘fit and proper’ (i.e. there is no criminal record, or breach of landlord laws or code of practice).
- Send the council an updated gas safety certificate every year.
- Install and maintain smoke alarms.
- Provide safety certificates for all electrical appliances when requested.
Smaller HMOs may still need a licence depending on the area. This is typically required where the local authority considers that a significant proportion of a landlord's or manager's HMOs are being poorly managed. Landlords should check with the local authority.
HMOs (described as ‘houses in multiple paying occupation’) fall within the sui generis planning use class. ‘Sui generis’ buildings are those that do not fall within any particular use class. The Latin term 'sui generis' means ‘of its own kind’. See Sui generis for more information.
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Core and cluster accommodation.
- Housing Act 1996.
- Housing Act 2004.
- Licensing buildings.
- Minimum room size.
- Permitted development.
- Planning permission.
- Sui generis.
- Types of building.
- Use class.
 External references
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