- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 04 Jun 2020
These giant infrastructure projects are set to reshape Africa
Africa’s population is exploding. By the United Nations’ estimate, the continent will see its current population of 1.2 billion double by the year 2050. That’s an expected growth of 42 million people — basically a brand-new Argentina — every year.
Here are some of the largest projects coming to Africa in the next several decades.
In 2009, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa began work on the North South Corridor — a series of roadways and railways spanning more than 6,000 miles across seven countries. Its total cost is approximately $1 billion.
Image: Ernst & Young
 Bagamoyo Port
Tanzania’s Bagamoyo Port will become Africa’s largest port, capable of handling 20 million containers a year. With an estimated cost of $11 billion, a Chinese government construction firm expects to complete the port by 2045.
In 2013, Chinese development firm Zendai Property Limited announced it was building an $8 billion city outside Johannesburg, called Modderfontein New City. It will become a hub for Chinese firms investing in African infrastructure.
Image: Shanghai Zendai
 Konza Technology City
 Bouregreg Valley
In 2013, Morocco launched a $420-million urban development project in the Bouregreg Valley. Building up the area will link Rabat and Salé, two of Morocco’s most vibrant towns currently split by the valley.
Image: Jean Nouvel
At a cost of $4.8 billion, the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam will provide hydroelectric power to Ethiopia and nearby countries. There is some criticism, however, that the dam forces the relocation of nearly 20,000 people.
Image: Ethiopian Herald
At an average output of 39,000 MW per year, the Grand Inga Dam will become the largest energy-generating body in the world. Its total development cost is an estimated $100 billion. Developers expect to finish the project by 2025.
 Jasper solar farm
Construction began on an extension to the existing Suez Canal in 2014. The “New Suez Canal” adds 22 miles in a new shipping lane beside the original 102-mile canal and is expected to double annual revenue with the room for added ships.
Image: Wikimedia Commons
Dangote Cement, Africa’s largest cement producer, signed contracts worth $4.3 billion in 2015 with a Chinese engineering firm to increase its capacity to 100 million tons across 15 countries by 2020. The deal will enable the construction of many other projects around the continent.
Image: GE Africa/YouTube
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- A better investment framework for Africa.
- China’s clean, green buildings of the future.
- Construction in Malaysia.
- Global Construction 2025.
- How Latin America and the Caribbean can unlock their digital potential.
- How to tell which infrastructure projects will work.
- India needs to build more infrastructure fast. Here’s how.
- Renovate, operate, transfer (ROT).
- Scoping project approach in the developing world.
- State of the construction industry in Uganda.
- Tallest buildings in the world.
- Top 10 skyscrapers located in the UAE.
--Future of Construction 14:14, 20 Jun 2017 (BST)
Featured articles and news
The seismic strengthening of historic churches.
Results show guarded optimism and payment concerns.
Noteworthy navigable aqueducts.
Technology is making remote work a reality.
Carefully placed structures add drama to pastoral vistas.
Report provides actions required by 2030 to achieve a zero carbon economy.
What type of cool roof is most suitable?
Active Travel programme prioritises cyclists and pedestrians.
CIAT issues caution for use of new standard.
Industry leaders discuss climate change, the economy and other influences.
The building manager is key to operations.
The impact Scotland’s dynamic coast has on the historic environment.