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Last edited 27 Oct 2020
People with disabilities definition
The National Planning Policy Framework suggests that: 'People have a disability if they have a physical or mental impairment, and that impairment has a substantial and long-term adverse effect on their ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities. These persons include, but are not limited to, people with ambulatory difficulties, blindness, learning difficulties, autism and mental health needs.'
The Equality Act was introduced on 1 October 2010. It gives legal protection from discrimination in the workplace and in wider society, consolidating three previous duties covering race, disability and gender, bringing them together into a single duty, and extending it to cover the ‘protected characteristics’ of age, sexual orientation, religion or belief, pregnancy and maternity, and gender reassignment.
Approved document M of the building regulations states that people, regardless of disability, age or gender, should be able to gain access to buildings and to gain access within buildings and use their facilities both as visitors and as people who live or work in the. The approved document sets out a number of ways in which this can be achieved.
The government defines inclusive design as '…a process that ensures that all buildings, places and spaces can be easily and comfortably accessed and used by everyone.' Ref Gov.uk Policy paper 2010 to 2015 government policy: 2012 Olympic and Paralympic legacy.
NB Shaping neighbourhoods, Accessible London: achieving an inclusive environment, Supplementary planning guidance, published by the Mayor of London in October 2014, defines disability as: ‘The loss or limitation of opportunities that prevent people who have impairments from taking part in the normal life of the community on an equal level with others, due to physical and social barriers.’
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- A Home to Remember.
- Accessibility in the built environment.
- Access audit.
- Access consultant.
- Access and inclusion in the built environment: policy and guidance.
- Accessible London.
- Approved document M.
- Balance for Better: Why lack of diversity is an issue for everyone.
- Changing lifestyles.
- Equality Act.
- Equal opportunities policy.
- Essential principles, Creating an accessible and inclusive environment.
- Evacuating vulnerable and dependent people from buildings in an emergency FB 52.
- Guide Dogs' Inclusivity campaign.
- Inclusive design.
- Lifetime homes.
- Lifetime neighbourhoods.
- Older people.
- Social model of disability.
- Special educational needs: an analysis of the necessities for inclusion
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