Last edited 30 Mar 2022


The Equality Act 2010 refers to direct and indirect discrimination, where:

  • A person (A) discriminates against another (B) if, because of a protected characteristic, A treats B less favourably than A treats or would treat others. (Direct discrimination)
  • A person (A) discriminates against another (B) if A applies to B a provision, criterion or practice which is discriminatory in relation to a relevant protected characteristic of B's. (Indirect discrimination)

References to particular strands of discrimination are:

NB The glossary of statistical terms, published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), states: ‘Price discrimination occurs when customers in different market segments are charged different prices for the same good or service, for reasons unrelated to costs. Price discrimination is effective only if customers cannot profitably re-sell the goods or services to other customers.’

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