- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
- Specialist wikis
Last edited 12 May 2022
Ground sample distance GSD
In digital photos taken from the air, a ground sample distance (GSD) - or ground sampling distance - is a calculation used to explain how the real world scale established by ground control points (GCPs) translates onto a map. They can also be referred to as ground projected sample interval (GSI) or ground projected instantaneous field of view (GIFOV).
GSDs can be incorporated into photogrammetry and aerial photography which can be used to create three dimensional topographic maps.The GSD describes the distance between the centre point of two consecutive pixels on a digital image. Without an accurate GSD, it can be difficult for surveyors to convert collected data into a usable map.
GSD calculations that are inaccurate by very small increments - even as little as a few centimetres - may have serious consequences. If a small mistake is extrapolated over a large number of pixels, it can result in significant discrepancies between the map and reality. To prevent this, use the smallest practical value to calculate GSD. An accurately selected GSD will allow the mapping device to generate detailed images while flying high enough to minimise the number of required photos.
Applied digital documentation In the historic environment, published on 19 March 2018 by Historic Scotland, defines ground sample distance (GSD) as: ‘The known real-world scale of an image pixel.’
Featured articles and news
Given by ICE President Ed McCann.
Two new research reports published by APM.
50% off APM Associate membership for Designing Buildings users.
A commentary from the insurance perspective.
In brief with further links.
A definitive book on a pioneer of green architecture.
Using heritage as a catalyst for reviving historic centres.
Declaration prioritising sustainable urbanisation adopted.
Some brief words about the actuator.
After 34 years at the Institute.
To support the next generation of engineers.
CIAT reporting from the Competition and Markets Authority.
Making sustainable construction number one priority.
Interview with ECA CEO.
Many provisions came into force on June 28, 2022.
With room to expand.
Refurbishment, Energy Efficiency, Indoor air and process.
Why building acoustic considerations must be non-negotiable.
Aluminium Composite Panels (ACP) is one example.
Inventors and innovators at ICE.
Life, death and art at the Stuart court. Book review.
Real estate, place adaptation and innovation.
Review and comment on the revised draft before July 11.
Write about something you know, help us build and grow !
A blended event and triumphant return.
Mark Reynolds succeeds Andy Mitchell as Co-Chair of CLC