Block planning is an industrial planning system used for in-house production. A product type can be produced in different variations using the same resources and following the same basic process plan. Block planning supports the production planning and scheduling for this type of system. A block represents a pre-defined sequence of production orders of variable size.
Block planning enables the planning or pre-assignment of resource capacities in the production process for products with specific attributes. It enables a more rational and efficient use of those capacities. Blocks are defined with specific duration and attributes, for example, 3 days per block on which products are manufactured in various colours.
In piece-oriented sectors such as metal and paper production, upstream planning is often used to define the type of products and which attributes are to be produced. This typically relates to plant needing to be set up in a particular way, when it is inefficient in terms of time and costs to change the set-up more than is necessary.
There is more emphasis, in piece-oriented production, on the resource for which only one production step is executed. It is usual for an order for run over several resources, in which each of the operations could be grouped according to different aspects.
By contrast, the process industry commonly groups several orders together as a ‘campaign’, which is more defined by the material characteristics of the end product. The emphasis is more on an order level, as the process cannot normally be interrupted once it has begun.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
RIAS criticise the transfer of responsibility from construction professionals to other parties less involved with the design process.
Take a look at this new music/arts centre in Calgary, with subtle curves and a skybridge.
Building Automation and Control Systems (BACS) market in North America continues to grow.
Frank Lloyd Wright's last major project, the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in New York.
Designing Buildings Wiki attended the Surface Design Show and spoke with 2 leading figures in natural stone and hotel design.
How can data from homes help plan smarter cities?
CIOB launch new toolkit to help tackle modern day slavery in construction.
Have a read of our introductory article on bored piles.
Have a look at this striking new 'H-shaped' office building in China.
Read about the pile foundation solutions BAUER have delivered for Battersea Power Station.
As it's Valentine's Day, read the story of this 'labour of love' castle built on Heart Island.
An introductory guide to the project team for building design and construction.