- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 01 Nov 2020
Time management is one of the most important processes in project management. It is the discipline of planning and controlling the duration of a project. A baseline schedule is one of the main project management documents that should be created before the project starts. It sets out the project execution strategy, key project deliverables, activity planned dates and milestones.
 Baseline schedule
A baseline schedule (also known as a schedule baseline or target schedule). It is an approved copy of the project schedule that can be used to analyse project performance and report schedule variances. Baseline schedules create a road map to prepare the baseline budget, mobilisation plans, and resource allocation plans.
Baselines are the frozen version of the project schedules. Before updating the project schedule for the first time, the baseline schedule is retained as a target. This means the baseline schedule is the same as the project schedule at the beginning.
As the project progresses and tasks are performed, the baseline schedule may deviate from the actual schedule. It may not reflect the current project status. Risks and unforeseen events may effect it, and some changes outside of the control of the project management team may cause delays.
 Baseline schedule tracking
After the approval of the baseline schedule by the stakeholders, it will be retained as a target. Schedule tracking is then carried out to analyse the differences between the planned and the actual dates. Changes in the critical path, schedule variances and delays are determined and reported in all updates.
In project time management, baseline schedules are used as references to analyse the schedule performance of the project. It is a reference document which compares the planned and the actual dates. A Schedule Performance Index (SPI) can be used to understand how far ahead or behind the project is at the point of analysis.
See also: Baseline programme.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Activity schedule.
- Contractor's master programme.
- Contractor's working schedule.
- Design programme.
- How progress is agreed in construction.
- Programme for building design and construction.
- Scheduling construction activities.
- Time management of construction projects.
Featured articles and news
Prioritising tax considerations.
The four D creative process: discover, define, develop and deliver.
National Cyber Security Centre initiative is announced.
Reviewing trends and projections.
Legislation will establish initiatives to move towards net zero.
How to document contractor employment status.
Tech tools to help manage people and space post-pandemic.
A style that ranges from mock Tudor to arts and crafts to the 'Wrenaissance'.
Free guide from Secured by Design.
BREEAM strategy for sustainability and the circular economy.
Free tool to improve the construction programming process.
Are buildings doing what they're supposed to be doing?
Cities with quick access to everything by foot or bike.
The pressures and pinch points of global destinations.