Ballast or control gear
According to BRE’s The essential guide to retail lighting:
Ballast or control gear, is ‘Part of the control equipment of fluorescent or discharge lamps, used to stabilise the current. The older, traditional main-frequency ballast can consume up to 20-25% of the total lamp current. A modern electronic ballast working at high frequency consumes about 30% less current, and can be used to regulate or dim the lamp output.’
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