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Last edited 01 Dec 2020
The use of rubber expansion joints in lead guttering
A question that is often asked of professionals is about the correct way to fit a lead gutter. Should they be fitted in the traditional way with drips (steps) breaking up the lengths or can rubber expansion joints be used?
[Example of a typical box gutter]
One answer is that if it can be done the traditional way then it should be. However, if the situation means this can’t be done, there may be no choice other than to use an alternative method.
To a certain extent, the answer lies in its history. Neoprene expansion joints, to give them their proper name, were first used in Europe in conjunction with zinc and copper gutter linings. The idea being that a method of jointing was needed to take into account the thermal expansion of certain types of metals. Traditional methods for jointing copper gutters, again with steps along its length, could not be easily replicated in zinc as the material is not as malleable.
In the early-1990s, the same principle was introduced to leadwork. The reason for this was that traditional wall head gutters that were made from concrete and lined with lead, which can be found on many older buildings, needed the leadwork replaced.
Traditionally, the lead lining pieces were just lapped and water ingress was inevitable. As it was impossible to create the traditional steps in these installations, neoprene expansion joints were seen as a good solution.
Over the years, these types of joints have been applied in many different gutter situations and appear to be giving a good service life to date. Their popularity has grown given that they can be welded into place much faster than using traditional ‘bossing’ methods to form the drips.
 Why is that a problem?
One of the main reasons that we refer to these as a ‘last resort’ is that they only carry a manufacturers guarantee of 5 - 10 years. Lead on the other hand is expected to give a service life in excess of 60 - 100 years.
Having a component within this that may have a shorter lifespan is an obvious weak point and one that should be avoided if possible. Their use should be restricted to places where there is no choice, as it may restrict any insurance backed guarantees and could, in certain circumstances, lead to costly replacement works which would require full scaffold access.
All leadworks should take into account the anticipated life of the building concerned. Where a shorter service life may be acceptable to a building owner or developer the use of neoprene expansion joints could be considered. By contrast, where maximum service life is required standard traditional details should always be used. If neoprene joints are proposed, this should be discussed with the client and built into any maintenance programme.
All the details used here are from the LSA's Complete Manual, which includes a wealth of detail on installation and specification. Further information and technical support is available at www.leadsheet.co.uk.
This article was written by Darren Tutt, Senior Technical Officer, The Lead Sheet Association
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