Sites of special scientific interest SSSI
SSSI's were first established in 1949 by the Nature Conservancy so that the conservation of important sites of natural habitat, wildlife and geological heritage could be taken into account during the planning process. Today, Natural England has responsibility for identifying and protecting SSSIs in England under the provisions of the Wildlife and Countryside Act.
SSSI’s include sites such as:
- Ancient woodlands.
- Species-rich grasslands.
- Coastal marshes and mudflats.
- Unique geological formations.
It is an offence to intentionally or recklessly damage the features of special interest of an SSSI, or to disturb the wildlife for which the site is of special interest.
Sites are designated by a process of notification and confirmation. When Natural England believes …that an area of land is of special interest by reason of its flora, fauna or geological or physiographical features … it notifies the owners and occupiers of the land and informs the local planning authority, Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs and a number of other statutory authorities such as the Environment Agency. It also registers the site as a local land charge.
Owners or occupiers are informed of operations that they may not carry out on notified sites without the consent of Natural England (or some other statutory authorities). An application for such consent can be refused, or consent may be given with conditions or time limits attached. Existing consents may be reviewed and withdrawn, or modified if there is new information, if circumstances change, or if the operations for which consent has been given are damaging to the SSSI.
Consent may not be required even though operations are listed in the notification; if emergency work is required, where planning permission has been granted for the operation (other than Permitted Development Orders) or if permission has been given by another statutory authority that has consulted Natural England.
If an SSSI is suffering from poor management or neglect Natural England may serve Management Schemes or Management Notices on the owner or occupier. Management Schemes set out how the SSSI should be managed. Management Notices require specified works. Failure to comply with a Management Notice is an offence.
In very extreme cases, compulsory purchase may be used.
Owners or occupiers must inform Natural England about any changes in ownership or occupation of the site.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Common land.
- Commons Act 2006.
- Conservation area.
- Consultation process.
- Designated areas.
- Halley VI Research Station.
- Listed building.
- National nature reserves.
- National parks.
- Natural England.
- Permitted development.
- Scheduled monuments.
- Special areas of conservation.
- Special protection areas.
- Statutory approvals.
- Statutory authorities.
- Tree preservation order.
- Wildlife and Countryside Act.
- World heritage site.
 External references
Featured articles and news
This Australian robotics firm have developed a bricklaying machine capable of building a house in 3 days.
20bn devices will be online by 2020, generating huge volumes of information. Is society making the most of this rich data?
Built over a period of 632 years, Cologne Cathedral is considered one of the world's finest examples of Gothic architecture.
UandI adds £1.5bn to development pipeline.
Here are 5 things leaders can do to create a truly circular economy.
Find out about the different types of delays on construction projects.
Researchers at Wien university have developed new system to create an inflatable concrete structure.
ICE responds to the first consultation on the government's industrial strategy post-Brexit.
Take a look at this newly-opened tower in Chicago with a remarkable 20:1 height-to-base ratio.
An Arc de Triomphe for the late-20th century, the La Grande Arche of Paris.
The principles, practice and formwork of one of the most important components of modern architecture.