Sea Sand Tower Hospital Queen Elizabeth, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, in Kota Kinabalu, (the capital city of an area called Sabah), Malaysia, was finished in 1981. It was demolished in 2008 due to sea sand being used in the concrete, which corroded the steel reinforcement.
Standing 10 stories, it was the main hospital for the area, with approximately 300 beds. It closed and left a huge problem for many frail and sick people as they had no hospital to use, and had to wait until the local government had purchased a private hospital.
Built in the brutalist style for efficiency and honesty. The exposed frame works to hold up the structure, provide a means of protection form the elements, harsh sun and extreme monsoon rains in this area. This was cheaper than other methods, did not require skilled workers and left the raw materials visible.
However, the sea sand used in the concrete contained shells and corals and a large amount of chlorine, causing corrosion in the steel reinforcement. The corrosion or rust, is porous and expands which further adds to the problem as air can then further corrode the steel.
At the time of its demolition a report put the blame firmly in the hands of the builder and architect. The builder has since died, taking his company with him, and the architect lost all records in an office fire.
2 new towers have since been built to replace it, and a World Bank loan is being invested to build new hospitals in the area.
--JC5 18:41, 23 May 2014 (BST)
Featured articles and news
We've analysed 6 million pieces of data to reveal that the knowledge framework underpinning the construction industry is no longer fit for purpose.
Have a look at MAD Architects' design proposal for renovating Montparnasse Tower into a concave mirror.
This article examines the legal issues behind off-site goods and materials.
Read about how technology is changing the real estate industry.
BRE Global introduce the first registration scheme for Suitably Qualified Security Specialists.
An introductory article to the different types of building foundations.
This unique Brutalist-era car park just off Oxford Street is soon to be demolished.
How to utilise technology in construction projects and what benefits will it bring?
Have a look at Thomas Heatherwick's new building, one he calls 'the tubiest in the world'.
Artificial intelligence will have a significant impact on the built environment, according to a new survey by ICE.
Construction is often seen as too traditional, lacking innovation and collaboration. But are these perceptions fair?
Designing Buildings Wiki attended CIAT's Architectural Technology Awards 2017. Find out the winners here.