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Last edited 04 Mar 2022
|The Principality of Monaco, a sovereign city-state.
A principality is a territory or jurisdiction ruled by a prince or princess.
Principalities emerged predominately in the middle ages when feudalism increased the power of local princes and reduced the power of kings. This was often the source of conflict, and a process of consolidation resulted in the absorption of weaker principalities by stronger states.
The nationalism of the 19th century led to the demise of many principalities as did the abolition of many monarchies.
Examples of principalities that still exist include: Liechtenstein, Monaco and Andorra. Monaco is also a city state.
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