- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 05 Mar 2020
Contractor's proposals for building design and construction
The phrase 'contractor's proposals' (CP) generally refers to documentation prepared by tenderers for design and build projects or on a traditional contract where the tenderer is to design discrete parts of the works. They are prepared in response to employer's requirements which provide a description of the client's requirements, including the specification for the building, the scope of services required and an allocation of risk for unknown items.
The level of detail in the employer's requirements and the extent of design required from the tenderer is variable. Employers requirements can range from a very simple specification to a fully developed performance specification and concept design.
The procurement process may follow either a single-stage or two-stage processes. A single-stage tender process is suitable where the information presented in the employer's requirements is sufficiently well developed for the tenderer to be able to calculate a realistic price. This can be the case either if a concept design has already been prepared by consultants working for the client, or if the building is very straight-forward, in which case much of the design work might be carried out by the tenderer during the tender process.
A two-stage tender process is suitable where the employer's requirements are not sufficiently well developed for the tenderer to be able to calculate a realistic price. In this case, the tender may include a fee for designing the building along with a schedule of rates that can be used to establish the construction price for the second-stage tender.
- Design drawings or a building information model.
- Method statements.
- A BIM execution plan if building information modelling is being used.
- A programme.
- The tender price and contract sum analysis.
- Details of inconsistencies between the contractor's proposals and the employer's requirements.
- Any proposed provisional sums.
- Proposed sub-contractors (the contractor may only sub-contract parts of the works with the consent of the client, although this consent cannot be unreasonably withheld).
- Details of insurances.
- Curriculum vitae of staff along with a summary of their relevant experience on similar projects.
- An initial construction phase plan.
Once the client has received the contractor's proposals, there is likely to be period of negotiation during which any inconsistencies between the contractor's proposals and the employer's requirements are discussed and either the contractor's proposals or the employer's requirements are amended to ensure agreement between them. This is a very important part of the tender process as it is not always entirely clear which document prevails after the contract has been entered into.
NB The RIBA Plan of Work 2013 defines the contractor's proposals as: 'Proposals presented by a contractor to the client in response to a tender that includes the Employer’s Requirements. The Contractor’s Proposals may match the Employer’s Requirements, although certain aspects may be varied based on value engineered solutions and additional information may be submitted to clarify what is included in the tender. The Contractor’s Proposals form an integral component of the Building Contract documentation.'
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- BIM execution plan.
- Construction phase plan.
- Contract sum analysis.
- Design and build.
- Employer's agent.
- Employer's information requirements.
- Employer's requirements.
- Method statement.
- Procurement route.
- Provisional sum.
- Supply chain capability summary (BIM).
- Two stage tender.
 External references
Featured articles and news
A simple path to possible error avoidance.
Construction + technology = ConTech.
New low and high tech tools enter the marketplace.
Report looks at mental health in the built environment.
Radiant wall heating method to control rising damp.
What future infrastructure provision might look like.
Highlighting the health benefits of home improvement.
Pavilions for music, entertainment, and leisure. Book review.
Broadening our understanding of Dublin’s chequered social history.
The charm of London's Cabmen's shelters.
Future Weather Files research tool looking for feedback.
Exploring the Colour Rendering Index.
Why it's important to find out what went wrong.
ECA reviews the shape of the construction job market.
Why proper room acoustics make a difference.
Initiative puts gas networks on the path to net zero.
WICE Woman Architectural Technologist of the Year 2019.