- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 26 Jul 2019
Sea Sand Tower Hospital Queen Elizabeth, Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia
The Queen Elizabeth Hospital, in Kota Kinabalu, (the capital city of an area called Sabah), Malaysia, was finished in 1981. It was demolished in 2008 due to sea sand being used in the concrete, which corroded the steel reinforcement.
Standing 10 stories, it was the main hospital for the area, with approximately 300 beds. It closed and left a huge problem for many frail and sick people as they had no hospital to use, and had to wait until the local government had purchased a private hospital.
Built in the brutalist style for efficiency and honesty. The exposed frame works to hold up the structure, provide a means of protection form the elements, harsh sun and extreme monsoon rains in this area. This was cheaper than other methods, did not require skilled workers and left the raw materials visible.
However, the sea sand used in the concrete contained shells and corals and a large amount of chlorine, causing corrosion in the steel reinforcement. The corrosion or rust, is porous and expands which further adds to the problem as air can then further corrode the steel.
At the time of its demolition a report put the blame firmly in the hands of the builder and architect. The builder has since died, taking his company with him, and the architect lost all records in an office fire.
--JC5 18:41, 23 May 2014 (BST)
Featured articles and news
New report explores impact of independent museums.
Parents are pivotal in reaching future engineers.
What is a final account?
The situation with the insurance of vulnerable properties.
New standards for homes
Competition to address the grand challenges of future housing needs.
The redevelopment of Leicester's sewerage system by Joseph Gordon.
A standard design for manses in the Highland districts.
The Prairie School style.