Last edited 14 Sep 2021


Water safety in buildings, published by the World Health Organization in 2011, defines an outbreak as: ‘An epidemic limited to localized increase in the incidence of a disease (e.g. in a village, town or closed institution) (McMichael et al., 2003).

‘A waterborne outbreak is a situation in which at least two people experience a similar illness after exposure to water (and possibly food) and the evidence suggests a probable water source (WHO, 2007).’

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