- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 09 Nov 2020
Neighbourhood development order
Neighbourhood development orders are defined by the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) as orders '... made by a local planning authority (under the Town and Country Planning Act 1990) through which Parish Councils and neighbourhood forums can grant planning permission for a specific development proposal or classes of development.'
- They can create 'neighbourhood development plans’ which establish general planning policies for a neighbourhood.
- They can use 'neighbourhood development orders' to permit certain developments or certain classes of development in a neighbourhood without the need for a planning application.
Neighbourhood development orders may not permit, minerals and waste development, types of development that always need an environmental impact assessment, or nationally significant infrastructure projects.
The local planning authority must agree who should be the neighbourhood forum for an area, and once a plan or order has been developed, will verify that the proper consultation has been carried out and that an environmental impact assessment is not required. An independent person then carries out checks to ensure that:
- They are consistent with national planning policy.
- They are consistent with the development plan for the local area.
- They comply with EU and human rights requirements.
- They would not damage local heritage assets.
Neighbourhood development plans or orders can then face a neighbourhood referendum. If there is a majority of support in the referendum, the local planning authority must bring the plans or orders into force.
The Localism Act also allows community organisations to use community right to build orders to allow small-scale development on a specific site. Benefits resulting from such developments stay within the community, and could be used for example to create or maintain local facilities.
Any local community organisation is able to create a community right to build order, provided that the organisation exists to further the economic, environmental and social well-being of the area and that at least half of the organisation’s members live in the area.
Community right to build orders are not permitted if the development would need an environmental impact assessment or if they would be on a designated site (such as a site of special scientific interest).
 find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Community right to bid.
- Community right to build.
- Local development order.
- Localism Act.
- National Planning Policy Framework.
- Neighbourhood planning.
- Planning appeal.
- Planning objection.
- Planning permission.
 External references
Featured articles and news
Architecture considered somewhere between 'sublime and beautiful'.
Polish piano factory revived through an energy-oriented tune up.
Dynamic architectural approach sets out to restore and improve the environment.
Entries accepted from 1 December 2020 to 14 April 2021.
Procedure discontinued for sale or re-mortgage of buildings without cladding.
The art of negotiation.
APPGI considers key issues for economic recovery.
Progress made on global fire safety standard.
Why did it take 111 years to build this Victorian engineering marvel?
Fantastic cities from above but flawed on the ground.
Organisation unveils supporting tools and initiatives.
How some Victorians created insulated floor foundations.
Practical methods to tackle airborne particle transmission.