Neighbourhood development order
Neighbourhood development orders are defined by the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) as orders '... made by a local planning authority (under the Town and Country Planning Act 1990) through which Parish Councils and neighbourhood forums can grant planning permission for a specific development proposal or classes of development.'
The Localism Act, which was introduced in 2011, allows town and parish councils and 'neighbourhood forums’ to have some control over how their neighbourhood develops.
The Act gives neighbourhood forums and town and parish councils two main powers:
- They can create 'neighbourhood development plans’ which establish general planning policies for a neighbourhood.
- They can use 'neighbourhood development orders' to permit certain developments or certain classes of development in a neighbourhood without the need for a planning application.
Neighbourhood development orders may not permit, minerals and waste development, types of development that always need an environmental impact assessment, or nationally significant infrastructure projects.
The local planning authority must agree who should be the neighbourhood forum for an area, and once a plan or order has been developed, will verify that the proper consultation has been carried out and that an environmental impact assessment is not required. An independent person then carries out checks to ensure that:
- They are consistent with national planning policy.
- They are consistent with the development plan for the local area.
- They comply with EU and human rights requirements.
- They would not damage local heritage assets.
Neighbourhood development plans or orders can then face a neighbourhood referendum. If there is a majority of support in the referendum, the local planning authority must bring the plans or orders into force.
The Localism Act also allows community organisations to use community right to build orders to allow small-scale development on a specific site. Benefits resulting from such developments stay within the community, and could be used for example to create or maintain local facilities.
Community right to build orders are a type of neighbourhood development order.
Any local community organisation is able to create a community right to build order, provided that the organisation exists to further the economic, environmental and social well-being of the area and that at least half of the organisation’s members live in the area.
Community right to build orders are not permitted if the development would need an environmental impact assessment or if they would be on a designated site (such as a site of special scientific interest).
See the article on the Community Right to Build for more information.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Community right to bid.
- Community right to build.
- Local development order.
- Localism Act.
- National Planning Policy Framework.
- Neighbourhood planning.
- Planning appeal.
- Planning objection.
- Planning permission.
 External references
Featured articles and news
Read the story behind the world's most iconic festival stage, Glastonbury's Pyramid Stage.
First ever BREEAM Communities innovation credit is claimed by Temple Farm Development.
Read the story of Ronan Point, another disastrous event which had profound consequences for the construction industry.
CIOB to help conservation specialists gain recognition for their expertise with launch of new Certification Scheme.
A brief introduction to Building Information Modelling - is it the future of construction?
Have a look at Francis Kéré's 2017 pavilion, based on the concept of the tree as a place of shelter.
CIOB announce new commission to assess what more it and the industry can do to tackle build quality issues.
As the UK enjoys a heat wave, read all about the daylight factor.
Not only is this building shaped like a teapot, it can rotate 360-degrees.
What is ACM cladding, what is it used for, and is it banned?
Read about the largest transport project in Norway getting underway.
Read our review of a new guide aimed at helping architects avoid and resolve disputes.
Find out about specifying insulation for inverted roofs.
Have a look at the new project being trialled in Modena that 'eats' the equivalent air pollution of 275 urban trees.