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Last edited 11 Oct 2020
Hard costs v soft costs
Often referred to as 'brick-and-mortar costs', hard costs refer to the cost of physical construction, such as; foundations, superstructure, interior finishes, labourers, equipment, drainage and so on. Hard costs, being 'tangible', tend to be relatively easy to estimate but vary significantly according to the project type. For example, a complex facility such as a hospital will tend to have higher hard costs per square metre than an office building.
- Land costs.
- Off-site costs.
- Loans, accounting fees and interests.
- Insurances, permits and taxes.
- Public relations and advertising costs.
Unlike fixed equipment that is classified as a hard cost, moveable furniture and equipment are classified as soft costs. This includes items such as computer equipment, telephone systems, and so on. Costs that can continue post-completion such as maintenance, security and other up-keep-related fees are also deemed to be soft.
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