Last edited 11 Nov 2020

Value planning in building design and construction

Value Management (VM) and Value Engineering (VE) are techniques concerned with defining, maximising and achieving 'value for money' (VfM). These are systematic team-based collaborative approaches, initially pioneered in the United States during the Second World War to secure maximum output from limited resources.

VM covers the full range of value techniques that are available and used throughout the duration of a project as part of a continual process. By contrast, Value Planning (VP) refers to value techniques that are applied during the planning phases of a project, or at the early stage of design and development.

VP activities are introduced in the early phases with the intention of defining, clarifying and agreeing a hierarchy of the client’s objectives. This hierarchy identifies the issues and functions that are of particular importance to the client. In general terms, VP is used, first by the client’s team to develop the strategic brief, and later by the extended team to develop the strategic brief into the project brief.

The client’s team undertake the first VP exercise to identify critical stakeholder values in a quantitative way, and prioritise the delivery of those values. This involves identifying business requirements and carrying out options studies and/or analysis. This helps to inform the 'mission statement' and strategic brief.

A VP workshop can then be held with the aim of:

For the VP activities to be a success, as with VE, it is important to involve the most appropriate people at the value meetings and workshops. While this will vary according to the project, it is expected that there should be comprehensive representation of all relevant stakeholders in a particular phase of the process. This includes the client and the end users if possible, so they can inform the function analysis and requirement specification.

As VE proceeds, the supply chain and other stakeholders should become involved.

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