Last edited 02 Oct 2014

VAT refunds on self-build homes

Self-build homes and the conversion of non-residential buildings into dwellings may qualify to reclaim the VAT paid on eligible building materials and services. The building must not be intended to be used for business purposes.

The refund applies whether the home owner carries out the building work themselves, or whether they use builders to do some, or all of the work for them. Refunds are also permitted where the home owner adds to or finishes a partly completed new building, but not for extra work carried out on a completed building.

Claims to HMRC can only be made once the construction is finished. Completion can be demonstrated by:

Claims must be made within three months of completion and refunds will normally be made within 30 banking days of receiving the claim.

Making a claim requires that VAT invoices have been obtained and that they are correct. VAT invoices must show:

  • The supplier's VAT registration number.
  • The quantity and description of the goods and/or services.
  • The purchaser’s name and address if the value is more than £100.
  • The price of each item.

It is much easier to collect, collate and process the appropriate paperwork as project progresses than it is to try to do so after the building is complete.

Claims can be made for:

  • Building materials or goods incorporated into the building or conversion itself, or into the site (that is materials or goods that cannot be removed without using tools and damaging the building or the goods themselves). Exceptions include; fitted furniture, some electrical and gas appliances, and carpets or garden ornaments.
  • If you are converting a non-residential building into a home, you can reclaim the VAT charged by your builder. For conversions, a builder can sometimes charge you a reduced rate instead of the standard rate of VAT.

Builder's services for new buildings should be zero-rated for VAT.

VAT paid on any professional or supervisory services cannot be reclaimed (although in kit houses this may be wrapped-up in the price of the kit), neither can VAT paid on services such as the hire of plant, tools and equipment.

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