The Rebuilding Acts
With an urgent need to rebuild the City of London, the Rebuilding of London Act 1666 (long title ‘An Act for rebuilding the City of London’) was drawn up by Sir Matthew Hale. This act was passed in February 1667 and outlined the form and content of rebuilding work to be undertaken. It stipulated that to prevent a recurrence of the disaster, all new buildings were to be constructed of brick or stone rather than timber – ‘no man whatsoever shall presume to erect any house or building, great or small, but of brick or stone’.
The Act also imposed a maximum number of stories per house for a fixed number of dwellings as a means of preventing overcrowding. In addition, the act reformed the medieval system of Guilds, calling ‘all carpenters, bricklayers, masons, plasterers and joiners’ to help with reconstruction.
Within a few days of the fire, several people put forward proposals for a radical reorganization of the City’s streets. One of these was proposed by Christopher Wren who envisaged a well-ordered design, inspired by the Gardens of Versailles, with wide and straight streets. However, this and other similarly transformational designs were rejected, considered to be unfeasible and not conducive to the urgency of rebuilding.
Wren was appointed as one of several Commissioners to regulate the rebuilding works. The Commissioners issued proclamations concerning the width of streets and the height, materials, and dimensions of buildings.
The Rebuilding of London Act 1670 (long title ‘Act for the rebuilding of the City of London, united of Parishes and rebuilding of the Cathedral and Parochial Churches within the said City’), was passed to extend powers for the enlargement of streets. It also ordered the rebuilding of St. Paul’s Cathedral, a duty which was taken on by Wren. In total, 51 parish churches were rebuilt under Wren’s direction, of which 23 remain fairly intact, with ruins or only the towers remaining of another 6.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
The stunt aimed at highlighting ongoing delays to its repair, as the 133-year-old west London bridge has been closed to traffic since April 2019 when cracks appeared in its pedestals.
Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have been used to undertake a survey of the Lloyd’s building’s external façade in the heart of the City of London.
The petition calls on the government to remove VAT on refurbishment projects and raise VAT on non-Passivhaus new-build construction to 20 per cent. Retrofitting is carbon-efficient but the current VAT regime privileges new build over refurbishment.
Directors of the IHBC and the Victorian Society are among those whose opinions are featured in the RICS in-house publication Modus as it explores heritage impacts in England’s planning proposals.
Glasgow City Heritage Trust (GCHT) 3-day online conference aimed at anyone working, or interested in working, within the building and heritage sectors.
One way in which these old rigs can be remarkably useful is that the subsurface rig can provide the ideal skeleton for coral reefs, allowing the remarkable ecosystems beneath the waves come into their own.
A new company – Birnbeck Holdings Limited – has now been set up by CNM Estates which has purchased Birnbeck Island and the historic pier.
The publication offers research to help answer the question: ‘How can the heritage sector adapt and thrive in the digital age’?
A stunning Victorian Bath House has been uncovered during works on creating the city’s first public park in over 100 years.
The Inquiry is into ‘21st Century Places – Values & Benefits.