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Last edited 14 Sep 2020
Relevant matters in construction contracts
Relevant matters are referred to in some construction contracts, such as JCT contracts. A relevant matter is a matter for which the client is responsible that materially affects the progress of the works. This may enable the contractor to claim direct loss and / or expense that has been incurred. Relevant matters might include:
- Failure to give the contractor possession of the site.
- Failure to give the contractor access to and from the site.
- Delays in receiving instructions.
- Opening up works or testing works that then prove to have been carried out in accordance with the contract.
- Discrepancies in the contract documents.
- Disruption caused by works being carried out by the client.
- Failure by the client to supply goods or materials.
- Instructions relating to variations and expenditure of provisional sums.
- Inaccurate forecasting of works described by approximate quantities.
- Issues relating to CDM.
Relevant matters should not be confused with relevant events. A relevant event is an event that causes a delay to the completion date, which is caused by the client, or is a neutral event not caused by either party. Relevant events entitle the contractor to claim an extension of time; that is for the completion date to be moved. A relevant event does not necessarily entitle the contractor to claim loss and expense. Similarly, a relevant matter need not necessarily result in a delay to the completion date, and so may not always entitle the contractor to an extension of time.
NEC contracts deal with these issues under the single heading ‘compensation events’. They do not treat compensation events as an allocation of blame, but rather an allocation of risk. Any risk that is not specifically identified as being attributed to the client is borne by the contractor.
The Society of Construction Law Delay and Disruption Protocol, 2nd edition, refers to an event or cause of delay or disruption which under the contract is at the risk and responsibility of the employer, as an 'employer risk event'.
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