Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act HGRA
The Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act 1996 (HGRA - also known as the Construction Act) is intended to ensure that payments are made promptly throughout the supply chain and that disputes are resolved swiftly.
Provisions of the act include:
- The right to be paid in interim, periodic or stage payments.
- The right to be informed of the amount due, or any amounts to be withheld.
- The right to suspend performance for non-payment.
- The right to adjudication.
- Disallowing pay when paid clauses.
The Act applies to all contracts for 'construction operations' (including construction contracts and consultants' appointments). If contracts fail to comply with the act, then the Scheme for Construction Contracts applies.
 2011 amendments
The act was amended in October 2011 to close loop holes within its provisions.
It is no longer allowable to define within a contract who should bear the cost of adjudication, and adjudicators have the right to correct errors in their decisions within 5 days of delivering that decision.
Specific changes have also been made regarding procedures for making payments:
- The dates for payments must be set out in the contract.
- The client (or specified person) must issue a payment notice within five days of the date for payment, even if no amount is due. Alternatively, if the contract allows, the contractor may make an application for payment, which is treated as if it is the payment notice.
- The client (or specified person) must issue a pay less notice (previously a withholding notice) if they intend to pay less than the amount set out in the payment notice, setting out the basis for its calculation.
- The notified sum is payable by the final date for payment.
- If the client (or specified person) fails to issue a payment notice, the contractor may issue a default payment notice. The final date for payment is extended by the period between when the client should have issued a payment notice and when the contractor issued the default payment notice. If the client does not issue a pay less notice, they must pay the amount in the default payment notice.
- Pay when certified clauses are no longer allowed, and the release of retention cannot be prevented by conditions within another contract. So for example work contractors on a management contract project must have half of their retention released when their part of the works reach practical completion, not when the project as a whole reaches practical completion. This also applies to trade contractors on construction management contracts.
- There are also changes to the right to suspend work for non-payment or to suspend part of the works and to claim costs and expenses incurred and extension of time resulting from the suspension.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Arbitration Act.
- Causes of construction disputes.
- Collaborative practices.
- Common law.
- Construction operations.
- Construction supply chain payment charter.
- Egan report.
- Fair payment practices.
- Final certificate.
- Government construction strategy.
- Industrial plant and construction operations.
- Interim certificate.
- Interim valuation.
- Latham report.
- Local Democracy Economic Development Act 2009.
- Milestone payment.
- Pay less notice.
- Prompt payment code.
- Remedies for late payment.
- Scheme for Construction Contracts.
- The Late Payment of Commercial Debts Regulations 2013.
 External references
Featured articles and news
We interviewed the photographer Jade Doskow about her new book documenting the strange architecture of World's Fair sites.
Industry leaders join CIOB and Stronger Together to tackle modern slavery in construction.
Drawing on the recent Mexico earthquake, a collection of free journal articles has been assembled.
Read this introductory article to the base date in construction contracts.
Why is this American teapot-shaped gas station historically significant? Find out here.
Plans for the first phase of Vastint’s 16.5-acre Tetley Brewery development project get the green light.
This article explores the question, how should we regulate the real estate industry?
Specialist regeneration and investment developer UandI announces ambitions with new Manchester office.
Concrete will have to be demolished and replaced in Hinkley Point tunnels.
Do you have a great idea for how tomorrow's challenges can be met by today's buildings? Enter our ideas competition today.
A new exhibition on humanitarian shelter design will open on BRE's Innovation Park next month.
ICE London Air Quality Taskforce launches plan to help clean up London’s polluted air.
From neolithic to neo-modernism, have a read of our summary of the main architectural styles.