Design build finance and operate
An example of a design build finance and operate procurement route is a public private partnerships (PPP), the most common form of which is private finance initiative (PFI) projects (ref HM Treasury Public private partnerships).
A single contractor (perhaps a special purpose vehicle (SPV), with design, construction and facilities management expertise as well as funding capability) is appointed to design and build the project and then to operate it for a period of time. The contractor finances the project and leases it to the client for an agreed period (perhaps 30 years) after which the development reverts to the client.
As this is a very long-term relationship, entered into before any design work is undertaken, it is extremely important that the client defines their requirements very carefully, in particular the quality that is required and how it will be judged. A great deal of risk is given to the contractor, however the price they offer will reflect this.
Variations include: design, build, operate (DBO), and build, own, operate, transfer ( BOOT).
In 2011 two government reports concluded that PFI contracts have not been a good use of taxpayers money, suggesting that PFI cost five times more than conventional government procurement. The banks, funding institutions and professions have not been prepared to take the risk associated with PFI projects, and it has instead been transferred to the building contractors and operating companies which have offered high prices in return. The attraction to government is that PFI projects do not appear on the balance sheet, albeit piling up debt in the public sector with as much as twenty five year commitments. The recommendation of the reports is that in future PFI liabilities should be shown on treasury accounts. This may reduce this type of government contracting in the future.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Design and build.
- Government Construction Strategy.
- Infrastructure UK.
- Procurement route.
- Private Finance Initiative.
- Public Private Partnership.
- Public procurement.
 External references
HM Treasury PFI / PPP guidance. 25 July 2013.
Featured articles and news
Have a look at our article explaining the different types of construction contractor.
Futurist Thomas Frey explores the concept of Disposable Housing - could it be a reality sooner than we imagine?
ICE to host new exhibition offering a window onto the civil engineering achievements beneath our feet.
Do you know all the various types of defects in brickwork?
US museum reveals plans for an installation made entirely of paper tubes.
Review of a book looking at how contemporary architecture found its expression within neoliberal capitalism.
The Great Mosque of Djenne, the largest mud-brick building in the world.
Amanda Clack, RICS President offers recommendations to government on Brexit and the construction skills shortage.
Tired of the commute? This architecture firm believes the best solution is to take cars underground.
Why do so many women leave engineering? Probably not for the reason you’re thinking.
For over 30 years David Trench was one of the UK's leading project managers. Read about his career through some of his most famous projects.
Leading institutes join forces calling for property flood resilience measures to help householders avoid repeat flooding.