Last edited 21 May 2021

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Martinc Website

Capital allowances and super deductions


[edit] Introduction

As part of the Government’s post COVID-19 recovery planning, two capital allowance relief initiatives became effective as of 1 April 2021. These relief measures, which run until 31 March 2023, are meant to encourage spending on new plant and equipment for use in a business in any event, as well as to assist companies that need to undertake such expenditures as part of their own strategy to recover from the effects of the pandemic.

[edit] Details

Office furniture, computer equipment and items such as photocopiers, scanners and telephone equipment, security systems and even carpeting all fall under the heading of plant and equipment.

The two relief measures are:

[edit] Reasoning behind the initiatives

Reorganising space to deal with the consequences of the pandemic may well mean a substantial outlay on capital items, and these provisions are designed to alleviate the financial costs associated therewith.

The 130% allowance means that for every £100,000 of qualifying expenditure, the deduction for copropration tax purposes is 30% higher than what is actually incurred. At a corporation tax rate of 19% (current as of April 2021) this means an additional 5.7% tax savings on every £100,000 actually spent.

Items which are considered to be general in nature (i.e not long-lasting capital assets) do not qualify for this treatment.

Unfortunately, cleaning items, hand sanitisers and PPE (disposable or reusable) typically fall under the general expenditure. Therefore, capital allowances would not usually be applicable to these items.

And finally, if the assets are disposed of before 1 April 2023, a balancing charge will be due. This will allow HMRC to recover the tax relief given.

[edit] Annual Investment Allowance (AIA) applicability

Please note that these provisions do not apply to individuals or partnerships. For sole traders or partnership, the Annual Investment Allowance (AIA) is more appropriate.

The AIA continues to be available alongside the new measures and remains at £1m until 31 December 2021 before dropping to just £200,000. The AIA covers leased and second-hand assets.

--Martinc 16:24, 04 May 2021 (BST)

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