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Last edited 21 May 2021
Capital allowances and super deductions
As part of the Government’s post COVID-19 recovery planning, two capital allowance relief initiatives became effective as of 1 April 2021. These relief measures, which run until 31 March 2023, are meant to encourage spending on new plant and equipment for use in a business in any event, as well as to assist companies that need to undertake such expenditures as part of their own strategy to recover from the effects of the pandemic.
The two relief measures are:
- A 130% super-deduction capital allowance for qualifying plant and machinery investment. The 130% allowance is for assets that would normally qualify in the main pool for capital allowances with a writing down allowance (WDA) of 18%.
- A 50% first-year allowance (FYA) for special rate assets. The 50% FYA is for assets that normally qualify in the special rate pool with a WDA of 6%. These are integral features such as air-conditioning, lifts and water heating systems.
 Reasoning behind the initiatives
Reorganising space to deal with the consequences of the pandemic may well mean a substantial outlay on capital items, and these provisions are designed to alleviate the financial costs associated therewith.
The 130% allowance means that for every £100,000 of qualifying expenditure, the deduction for copropration tax purposes is 30% higher than what is actually incurred. At a corporation tax rate of 19% (current as of April 2021) this means an additional 5.7% tax savings on every £100,000 actually spent.
Unfortunately, cleaning items, hand sanitisers and PPE (disposable or reusable) typically fall under the general expenditure. Therefore, capital allowances would not usually be applicable to these items.
 Annual Investment Allowance (AIA) applicability
--Martinc 16:24, 04 May 2021 (BST)
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