The standard co-ordinating size for brickwork is 225 mm x 112.5 mm x 75 mm (length x depth x height). This includes 10 mm mortar joints, and so the standard size for a brick itself is 215 mm x 102.5 mm x 65 mm (length x depth x height).
This gives a ratio of 3:2:1, meaning that:
- With a standard mortar joint of 10 mm, a repeating unit of bricks laid in a stretcher bond will be 225 mm lengthwise and 75 mm in height.
- If bricks are laid cross-wise, two 102.5 mm depths plus two mortar joints gives the same repeating unit as the length of one brick plus one mortar joint, i.e. 225 mm.
- If they are laid height wise, three 65 mm heights plus three mortar joints gives the same repeating unit as the length of one brick plus one mortar joint, i.e. 225 mm.
To help develop this list, click 'Edit this article' at the top of the page.
|Type||Characteristics||Imperial length x depth x height||Metric length x depth x height|
|Blocks||Constructed using concrete or cement. They may include a hollow core to make them lighter and to improve their insulation.||440 x (varies) x 215|
|Modular||Commonly used for the construction of buildings and homes.||7-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 2-1/4"||194 x 92 x 57|
|Jumbo modular||7-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 2-3/4"||194 x 92 x 70|
|Queen||Slightly smaller and more cost effective than a modular brick.||9-5/8" x 3-1/8" x 2-3/4"||244 x 79 x 70|
|King||9-5/8" x 2-3/4" x 2-5/8"||244 x 76 x 67|
|Engineer||Used where strength and water/frost resistance are required. Very sturdy and reliable to use.||7-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 2-13/16"||194 x 92 x 71|
|Closure||Used to finish off a wall, especially at the corners||7-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 3-5/8"||194 x 92 x 92|
|Norwegian||Substantial bricks that can be used in loadbearing walls while still looking good. They have a natural beauty to them.||11-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 2-13/16"||295 x 92 x 71|
|Monarch||Commonly used for long stretches of wall and are very strong.||15-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 3-5/8"||397 x 92 x 92|
|Utility||Very versatile and can be used for a range of construction projects.||11-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 3-5/8"||295 x 92 x 92|
|Norman||These are classic industrial bricks for construction projects and commonly come in red or white.||11-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 2-1/4"||295 x 92 x 57|
|Roman||11-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 1-5/8"||295 x 92 x 41|
|Quad||7-5/8 x 3-5/8" x 7-5/8"||194 x 92 x 194|
|Danish hand mould||7-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 2-1/4"||194 x 92 x 57|
|Meridian||15-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 3-5/8"||397 x 92 x 92|
|Ambassador||15-5/8" x 3-5/8" x 2-1/4"||397 x 92 x 57|
- Radial, tapered or arch bricks.
- Angle and cant bricks that form returns and chamfers.
- Bullnose bricks with rounded corners.
- Capping and coping bricks.
- Cill bricks.
- Plinth bricks.
- Slip bricks (thin bricks that can be used for cladding).
- Soldier bricks, that form returns for soldier courses.
Bricks can also be cut or hand made to size.
This article was originally created by --Specified
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Uninhabited Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have been used to undertake a survey of the Lloyd’s building’s external façade in the heart of the City of London.
The petition calls on the government to remove VAT on refurbishment projects and raise VAT on non-Passivhaus new-build construction to 20 per cent. Retrofitting is carbon-efficient but the current VAT regime privileges new build over refurbishment.
Directors of the IHBC and the Victorian Society are among those whose opinions are featured in the RICS in-house publication Modus as it explores heritage impacts in England’s planning proposals.
Glasgow City Heritage Trust (GCHT) 3-day online conference aimed at anyone working, or interested in working, within the building and heritage sectors.
One way in which these old rigs can be remarkably useful is that the subsurface rig can provide the ideal skeleton for coral reefs, allowing the remarkable ecosystems beneath the waves come into their own.
A new company – Birnbeck Holdings Limited – has now been set up by CNM Estates which has purchased Birnbeck Island and the historic pier.
The publication offers research to help answer the question: ‘How can the heritage sector adapt and thrive in the digital age’?
A stunning Victorian Bath House has been uncovered during works on creating the city’s first public park in over 100 years.
The Inquiry is into ‘21st Century Places – Values & Benefits‘
The awards showcase the very best historic places and cultural sites from across the globe.