- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 22 Mar 2021
Waste water treatment research in Alborz
The following abstract reviews the industrial waste water process that may be used for the treatment and purification of waste water that has become contaminated as a result of industry production lines creating an undesirable by product.
After treatment, the effluent - the treated or untreated waste water - might be released to a sanitary canal or sewer or even to the surface water in the environment. Recent actions have been taken to prevent or minimise such production or to reuse purified wastewater within the manufacturing lines.
The objective of this research was to investigate issues and obstacles of a waste water treatment plant during the process of its preparation, establishment and maintenance in industrial city of Alborz, Iran. This research aimed to reveal the most effective factors in the process of the environmental management project to minimise or diminish negative consequences and consider the effectiveness of those factors.
To conduct the research, a descriptive method was used to collect data. A questionnaire was used during an approved interview process. The distributed questionnaires were completed by employees who worked in industrial factories in Alborz. Grounded research theory (applicable for the project management system), Likert scales, Comparative Scaling Technique and Rank Order Scaling were used to develop the questionnaire.
The findings of the study indicated that out of 306 factories, 223 of which responded, only 160 currently have established wastewater treatment plants. Of those who responded, 37% noted that ‘Governmental obligation or national regulation’ has been the most effective factor in prompting them to establish a treatment plant; without that, they would not have been worried about the necessity or the environment.
Moreover, 25% identified financial deficits and concerns over future difficulties (such as unpredicted costs) while 22% identified maintenance. Inaccurate budgets (27%) and safety issues (30%) were common responses; 39% stated costly procedures (including equipment and controlling devices and staff) as the primary obstacles.
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