- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 11 Dec 2020
Timber vs wood
The term ‘wood’ is used to refer to the substance that makes up the tree. It is the hard, fibrous structural tissue that is commonly found in the stems and roots of trees. The primary function of wood is to support the tree, enabling it to grow straight and tall enough to be able to absorb sunlight for photosynthesis. Wood also enables the transfer of water and nutrients to growing tissues and leaves.
In the UK, Australia and New Zealand, as well as some other countries, timber typically refers to sawn wood products that will be used in construction, such as floorboards. 'Timbers' may refer specifically to timber beams or boards used in house building.
From the versatility of plywood, the creation of massive glulam beams or even beautifully crafted veneer, engineered wood products provide a varied range of materials that use timber for an increasing list of both structural, functional and design applications.
These products are not only helping to redefine modern construction practices, but show that wood can rival more traditional building products in terms of its environmental impact, strength, cost, finish and workability.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
The principles and art of the possible. Book review.
From horse and cart to hypermarket.
How elements and processes work together in a systems approach.
CIOB offers digital guide to proactive methods of working.
Tech will drive professional development in fields tied to infrastructure.
The idea for the structure emerged from the architect's dream.
Changing air tightness requirements prompt testing and revisions.
Government takes steps to revise building safety legislation.
Product can be 'grown' into bricks or used as a self-healing building material.
Anticipating COVID-19's continuing construction disruptions.
Availability payment arrangements involve project performance.
EU responds to COVID-19 with NextGenerationEU plan.