- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 15 May 2017
The Properties of Padauk Wood
Originating from Asia or Africa, padauk wood can be obtained from a wide variety of Pterocarpus species. Commonly referred to as narra or mukwa, padauk wood is a valuable resource due to its durability, strength, and stability when being worked. Its reddish colour is quite distinguishable, although often confused with rosewoods – a wood that is somewhat related to padauk.
Extremely common, African padauk is also called Vermilion due to its reddish colour. Its heartwood can be a pale orange or a deep brown-red colour, with the wood darkening after being cut. With a typically straight grain, African padauk’s texture is open and coarse, with a natural lustre.
Resistant to termites and other insects, African padauk is a very durable wood with exceptional rot resistance. Very easy to work with, it finishes, glues, and turns very well. Some care must be taken due to the possibility of tearouts occurring during planing on both interlocked or quartersawn grains.
Although having a unique red coloration, this darkens over time even with UV-inhibiting finishes to prolong its natural colour. However, African padauk’s strength, stability, and durability make it a very popular wood amongst woodworkers.
With a lighter hue than African padauk, Burma padauk wood has a more yellow-red heartwood with the wood turning golden brown with age. Burma padauk also has a yellow sapwood that is clearly defined from the heartwood.
Burma padauk has a higher density than its counterpart African padauk, and its interlocked grains make it more difficult to work with. It does, however, finish, turn, and glue well, having a light aromatic scent when being worked.
Very durable to rot, termites, and insects, Burma padauk has indistinct growth rings and large pores that are not arranged in any specific form. Considered a sensitiser, Burma padauk can cause respiratory, eye, or skin problems, although severe allergic reactions are rare.
Andaman padauk has interlocked grains with open pores and a coarse texture. It is a wood with pale orange to deep brown-red colouring. Similar to both African and Burma padauk, Andaman padauk darkens in colour after being cut to a purple-red-brown.
Durable and resistant to decay, this wood also has good resistance to insects and termites. Easy to work with, Andaman padauk glues, finishes, and turns well, with a slight chance of tearout occurring while planing on both interlocked or quarterswan.
It is capable of causing skin, eye, and respiratory irritation, but rarely causes severe reactions. This wood is usually more on the mid to upper range in relation to imported wood, as it is presently rarely available due to being almost depleted.
With a light aromatic scent when worked, Andaman padauk is utilised for flooring, veneer, tool handles, furniture, musical instruments, and other small objects.
--G&S Specialist Timber 15:51, 12 May 2017 (BST)
Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- 11 things you didn't know about wood.
- Ancient Woodland.
- Chip carving.
- Confederation of Timber Industries.
- Cross-laminated timber.
- Definition of tree for planning purposes.
- Engineered bamboo.
- European Union Timber Regulation.
- Forest Stewardship Council.
- Laminated veneer lumber LVL.
- Oak wood properties.
- Pine wood.
- Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification.
- Properties of mahogany.
- Timber preservation.
- Tree preservation order.
- Tree rights.
- Types of timber.
Featured articles and news
Conservation in the heritage cities of Venice and Liverpool.
Which room is the most fun to design? Find out the 'Grand Designs' presenter's unusual choice in our interview.
Full suite of speakers are announced for this year's BSRIA Briefing event.
Book your place for the Architectural Technology Awards 2018.
There are many ways of classifying types of building. Have a look at our range of building articles.
BSRIA have launched the 'major update' of the go-to design framework guide for building services.
How to get results with building life cycle assessment.
Government publishes a prospectus inviting proposals for new 'garden communities'.
The Morandi motorway bridge in Genoa collapses during rainstorm while undergoing maintenance works.
'Developed design' is a phrase coined by the RIBA for their 2013 Plan of Work. But what does it actually mean?
New green paper published aiming to rebalance the relationship between landlords and residents and tackle stigma.