- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 18 Nov 2020
Tort is a collection of civil law remedies entitling a person to recover damages for loss and injury which has been caused by the actions, omissions or statements of another person in circumstances that the latter was in breach of a duty or obligation imposed by law.
Under strict liability, the plaintiff is under no obligation to prove fault, negligence or intention on the part of the defendant, only that there has been damage and/or loss caused to them and the defendant was responsible for it either by their acts or omissions.
Strict liability has, for example, been applied by common law in situations where there is a potentially dangerous and non-natural object or operation on an owner’s land. It has been held that the ordinary law of negligence may not afford proper protection under these circumstances, and so, the law has created a liability that is 'strict', where a duty of care is not necessary. The intention of this is to dissuade recklessness and unnecessary loss by encouraging defendants to take all precautions possible.
The case of Rylands v Fletcher  first formulated strict liability. It involved a defendant who had built a reservoir on his land. When the reservoir was filled, the water flooded the plaintiff’s neighbouring coal mines. Despite the defendant not being at fault, he was held liable.
Strict liability has also been attributed to:
- Some aspects of consumer law.
- Contracts and appointment agreements, where the requirement for 'reasonable skill and care' has not been applied throughout.
- Injuries in the workplace (removed in 2013).
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
Featured articles and news
Pushing the boundaries of the creative process.
Report from CIOB and i3PT published.
Air rights for developing above existing properties.
New national seismic hazard maps for the UK.
Six technologies guiding O&M into the future.
Homes carved from sandstone cliffs in England.
A review of the HES pilot project.
Organisation alerts membership to findings of IHBC research.
Four outstanding professionals recognised.
Sustainable flooring from super strong grass.
Organisation presents reactions from industry leaders.
New infrastructure bank to be based in the North of England.
Fairer, faster, greener. A summary of the key points.