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Last edited 04 Sep 2019
Seven day letter
The seven-day letter (now superceded) was a final demand for an unpaid business debt which threatened court proceedings against a debtor if the amount owed was not paid within the seven-day period. For this reason, it also falls under the heading of a ‘letter before action’ (LBA).
A seven-day letter would typically be served by a creditor to ensure the debtor understood that it constituted a ‘shot across the bows’; that the creditor (the person or company owed the money) was serious and would take further action if they did not receive from the debtor the sum they were owed within the seven-day period. If the debtor did not make payment within the seven-day period, the creditor could take further action, usually by means of court proceedings.
Although the UK government has taken steps to eradicate late payments from the construction industry, it is still a serious problem for any business or contractor. Seven-day letters tended to produce positive results, with payment of the amount owed made in around eight out of ten cases, thereby obviating the need to go to court. It was an important means of debt recovery, especially for small contractors whose cash flow might otherwise have dwindled if they were to suffer from repeated late payments.
 Typical seven day letter
A typical seven-day letter might have been written as follows:
Letter of demand
We are writing in reference to our recent ____, payment for which is still owing.
We attach invoice No. ____ dated January ____ for the amount of ____ that is outstanding at the date of this letter.
We now demand full payment of this amount within seven days from the date of this letter.
Alternatively, and without prejudice to our rights for full recovery of the debt, we are prepared to accept the amount of ____ as full and final settlement of the debt if paid within seven days from the date of this letter.
If this matter is not resolved within seven days, we will commence legal proceedings to recover the debt, without further notice to you.
This letter may be presented in court as evidence of your failure to pay.
Please contact us immediately should you wish to discuss the matter.
As of October 1, 2017, seven-day letters were made obsolete by the introduction of the Pre-Action Protocol for Debt Claims which governs the process a business must go through before starting court proceedings. For further information see Pre-Action Protocol for Debt Claims.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Adjudicators and bias.
- Alternative dispute resolution.
- Alternative Dispute Resolution legislation.
- Arbitration v Adjudication.
- Breach of contract.
- Causes of construction disputes.
- Contract claims.
- Contract conditions.
- Dispute resolution.
- Dispute resolution board.
- Expert determination.
- How does arbitration work?
- Pay now argue later.
- Pendulum arbitration.
- Pre-Action Protocol for Debt Claims.
- PFIs and adjudication.
- The Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act.
- The role of the mediator.
- The Scheme for Construction Contracts.
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