The Lands Chamber is one of four chambers within the Upper Tribunal, part of the UK’s administrative justice system. It was formerly the Lands Tribunal, created by the Lands Tribunal Act 1949, but its functions were transferred to the Upper Tribunal in 2009.
The Upper Tribunal was set up to provide a common means for handling appeals against the decisions of lower tribunals. As such it has equivalent status to the High Court, allowing it to set precedents and enforce decisions. It is the only tribunal to have the power of judicial review.
The Lands Chamber is independent and decides on land disputes, as well as appeals from:
It is possible to apply to the tribunal if the case is about:
- Compensation for the compulsory purchase of land.
- Discharge or modification of land affected by a restrictive covenant.
- Compensation for land affected by public works.
- A tree preservation order.
- Compensation for damage to land caused by subsidence from mining.
- Valuation of land or buildings for capital gains tax or inheritance tax purposes.
- Rights to light disputes.
- Compensation for property blight.
However, opting for a mediation service could be quicker and cheaper than applying for the tribunal.
It is possible to appeal to the Lands Chamber if it is believed there was a legal problem with the decision of the tribunals or the First-tier Tribunal (Property Chamber). However, permission must be given by the original tribunal before an appeal is possible (unless the case is about a rates decision made by the valuation tribunal in England or Wales).
The instructions for appealing are contained in the decision letter. A request for permission must be received by the original tribunal within 28 days of the decision letter.
An appeal should include:
- A copy of the decision being appealed.
- A brief summary of what the case is about.
- Whether the party appealing wishes to attend the appeal hearing.
- Whether any expert witnesses are to be called.
- ‘Statement of case’, i.e. why the decision is being appealed.
- Any other documents required.
The Chamber than decides whether to consider the case, and usually will ask the applicant to attend a hearing. Hearings are generally held in public and, depending on the size of the claim, can cost between £275 and £16,500. If the case is won, the chamber may order the other party to pay the hearing costs.
A decision is issued in writing, usually within 3 months of the hearing.
If it is believed there was a legal problem with the decision at the Lands Chamber, it may be possible to appeal to a higher court. If the Chamber judge refuses permission, the applicant can take their appeal request to the Court of Appeal in England and Wales.
 Decisions database
There is a decisions database available to search and find out the reasons why previous decisions have been made by the Chamber.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Civil procedure rules.
- Court settlement process.
- European Court of Human Rights.
- Planning permission.
- Property blight.
- Restrictive covenant.
- Rights to light.
- Technology and Construction Court.
 External resources
Featured articles and news
Take a look back at our top 5 interviews of 2017.
UandI announce a new joint venture to deliver a new Designer Outlet shopping destination in Cannock.
"A wilful misuse of public funds" - MPs committee calls for legal action against HS2 Ltd. for unauthorised redundancy payouts.
Do you know the difference between these key legal terms?
The government has issued advice for building owners about external wall systems that do not incorporate ACM cladding.
Choosing the right engineering path is a 'daunting process' - BSRIA launch a new publication Inspiring Tomorrow's Engineers.
Memorial service held marking six months since the tragedy, as government faces criticism over rehousing progress.
A case study of Streamline House, the winner of the 2016 Alan King Award for Excellence in Architectural Technology.
At their annual conference, Constructing Excellence call for a radical digital transformation in construction.
Do you know your bulldozer from your roller? Find out about the different types of construction plant here.
Watch this video of construction CEOs explaining what they expect the role of humans in the future of construction will be.
Work is underway on Mjøstårnet in Norway, which could become the world's tallest timber building.