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Last edited 10 Jul 2019
Drenchers are a system of water heads that are used for the fire protection. In contrast to sprinklers which are found internally, drenchers are normally found on the exterior of a building to protect against a fire from a neighbouring building. They tend to be positioned on roofs and over windows and external openings.
A drencher system consists of the follows components:
- Water source.
- Pump unit.
- Distribution piping.
- Control fittings.
- Alarm device.
- Special nozzles or water head.
The three main types of drenchers are:
- Roof drenchers: Positioned on the roof ridge and throw a curtain of water upwards.
- Wall or curtain drenchers: Throw a curtain of water over openings or portions of a building most likely to admit fire.
- Window drenchers: Positioned horizontally level with the top of a window so as to protect the opening.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Business Sprinkler Alliance.
- Case study A for offices to show where automatic sprinklers have the greatest impact.
- Design benefits of automatic sprinkler systems granted under approved document B.
- External fire spread, Supplementary guidance to BR 187 incorporating probabilistic and time-based approaches.
- Fire detection and alarm system.
- Fire in buildings.
- Fire safety design.
- The impact of automatic sprinklers on building design.
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