Last edited 12 Oct 2020

Accident reports in construction

There is a legal requirement through the Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 2013 (RIDDOR) for accidents and incidents to be reported to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE).

While RIDDOR recommends that all accidents, however small, are recorded in an accident book, it identifies the more serious types of accidents which must be reported to HSE as well as being recorded in the book. These include:

  • Any injury that stops an employee doing their normal work for a period of 3 days or more.
  • Major injuries such as broken arms, ribs, legs, etc.
  • Fatalities.
  • Disease.
  • Dangerous instances occurring at work such as machinery breaking, scaffolding collapsing or any other appliances breaking and causing damage.

Forme can be found here for the following incidents:

The appropriate form should be completed by the responsible person. Fatalities and major injuries can be reported by phone to the HSE. A report must be received within 10 days of the incident.

The following information should be recorded:

  • Injured person’s personal and contact details (name, phone number, address, age, occupation, etc.).
  • Reporter’s personal and contact details (name, position, phone number, address, etc.).
  • Accident details (date, time, location).
  • Injury details (type, body part, whether any work days were lost as a result, whether an ambulance was required, whether the injured person lost consciousness, etc.).
  • Witness details (name, phone number, address, etc.).
  • Details of any supporting evidence (e.g. CCTV footage, photographs, training records, health and safety check records, cleaning logs, etc.).
  • Reasons for accident (how it occurred, working conditions at the time, PPE being worn, equipment being used, events leading up to accident, etc.).
  • Response to accident (first aid provided, whether the area was made safe, direct action).
  • Preventative action (training needs, preventative plan put in place, how recurrences will be prevented).

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