Top 15 articles of 2016
 More than 1,400 articles were added to Designing Buildings Wiki in 2016. We've taken a look back and picked out the 15 most highly viewed.
It was the biggest news story of the year, and the answer is still far from clear, but this article published on the morning of June 24th laid down some of the key areas - from the skills shortage to red tape - where construction may be most affected by Brexit.
Commissioning is the process of bringing an item into operation and ensuring it is in good working order. On building projects, this refers primarily to building services, but the process is not always done well.
Folded plate structures are assemblies of flat plates, or slabs, inclined in opposing directions and joined along their longitudinal edges. This creates a structural system capable of carrying high loads without the need for additional supporting beams.
Elevations are orthographic projections of the exterior (or sometimes the interior) faces of a building. That is, they are two-dimensional drawings of the building’s façades.
Contract documents for a construction contract will typically include articles of agreement, which set out the core obligations of the parties involved.
A 'section drawing', 'section' or 'sectional drawing' shows a view of a structure as though it had been sliced in half or cut along an imaginary plane. For buildings, this can be useful as it gives a view through the spaces and surrounding structures (typically across a vertical plane) that can reveal the relationships between the different parts of the buildings that might not be apparent on plan drawings.
A wide range of different types of crane can be used on construction projects for lifting and moving materials and other building elements from one place to another. Cranes range from a simple rope pulley to tower cranes fixed to the top of a skyscraper.
Within the context of the built environment, the term ‘structure’ refers to anything that is constructed or built from different interrelated parts with a fixed location on the ground.
Long span roofs are those that exceed 12 m. They can create flexible, column-free internal spaces and can reduce substructure costs and construction times. They are commonly found in a wide range of building types such as factories, warehouses, agricultural buildings, hangars, gymnasiums and so on.
Concept drawings or sketches are drawings used by designers as a quick and simple way of exploring initial ideas. They are not intended to be accurate or definitive, merely a way of investigating and communicating design principles and aesthetic concepts.
Measurement is the transformation of drawn data into description and quantity information. Measurement is not an end in itself, it is a tool to enable other functions. It can be undertaken to value, cost, and price construction work, as well as enabling effective management.
A completion certificate is issued by the building control body, providing formal evidence that the building works have been approved and that, in so far as it is reasonable to determine, the works have been carried out in accordance with the building regulations.
A tender is a submission made by a prospective supplier in response to an invitation to tender. This article describes in detail the tender process for a typical commercial construction contract.
This step-by-step guide explains how level 2 Building Information Modelling (BIM) can be used for the development of a built asset such as a new building. It is written for use by people who are not BIM experts and will be helpful for employers, consultants, contractors and suppliers.
Interim valuation is a pre-cursor to the issue of an interim certificate, which in turn allows an interim payment to be made. It is a detailed breakdown, generally prepared by a contractor, that constitutes an application for part payment for work undertaken since the last valuation.
Featured articles and news
Four practical tips to bring sustainability into your building design.
Have a look at these designs for a new cross-laminated timber tower in Toronto.
Geniebelt examine the urgent need for change in construction.
Read our introductory article to the contractor's design portion.
Four ways in which smart cities could make our lives better.
Mayor Sadiq Khan announces new Greener City Fund in drive to make London the first 'National Park City'.
BSRIA announce UKAS accreditation for sound absorption testing.
The full terms of reference are published for the Grenfell Tower Inquiry.
Read our introductory article into the role and practice of the architect.
Despite dividing opinion since its 1955 completion, Stalin's gift to Poland, the PKiN, is still Warsaw's most recognisible landmark.
Graduate Engineer Brittany Harris asks, what makes a great place to work?
Mayor Sadiq Khan publishes new guidance aimed at fast-tracking affordable housing projects through planning.