Trees in conservation areas
Trees in conservation areas that are protected by tree preservation orders (TPO’s) are subject to the normal controls for any tree with a TPO. This prohibits the cutting down, topping, lopping, uprooting, willful damage to or willful destruction of protected trees.
Trees in a conservation area that are not protected by a TPO are protected by provisions in section 211 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990. This requires that the local planning authority is notified of certain work on such trees using a section 211 notice, six weeks before the work is carried out. This gives the local planning authority time to consider whether to make a TPO on the tree.
Notice is not an application for consent, so the authority cannot refuse consent; or grant consent subject to conditions, they may only:
- Make a TPO if it is justified in the interests of amenity.
- Not to make a TPO and inform the notifier that the work can go ahead.
- Not to make a TPO and allow the six-week notice period to end, after which the work can go agead.
Carrying out work without notice is an offence which can result in a fine of up to a £20,000. For a serious offence, a person can be committed for trial in the Crown Court and if convicted, can be liable to an unlimited fine. In any case, the landowner has a duty to plant another tree of an appropriate size and species at the same place as soon as they reasonably can.
A section 211 notice is not required for:
- Cutting down, topping, lopping or uprooting a tree whose diameter does not exceed 75mm.
- Cutting down or uprooting of a tree, whose diameter does not exceed 100 millimetres, for the sole purpose of improving the growth of other trees.
The diameter of the tree should be measured over the bark of the tree at 1.5 metres above ground level.
These exemptions do not apply where a tree has more than one stem at a point 1.5 metres above ground level if any stem when measured over its bark at that point exceeds the relevant minimum.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Ancient woodland.
- Chain of custody.
- Civic Amenities Act.
- Conservation area.
- Designated areas.
- Definition of tree for planning purposes.
- Ecological survey.
- Forest ownership.
- Green belt.
- Landscape architect.
- Landscape officer.
- Listed buildings.
- Permission for felling or lopping a tree.
- Protected species.
- Sites of Special Scientific Interest.
- The benefits of urban trees.
- The history of conservation areas.
- Tree hazard survey.
- Tree preservation order.
- Tree rights.
- Tree root subsidence.
Kate Kendall, lead on our Membership Application Training Events, offers her update on progress in supporting applications for conservation accreditation.
Historic England’s Conservation Principles, offers guidance on its approach to its own research and advice on designation, planning and conservation.
Scotland’s environment newly launched website reflects how technology, design and user needs are constantly evolving as has their website since its creation in 2009.
Institute of Conservation’s (Icon’s) next five-year strategy 2017-21 has been launched.
More than £1 Million of European funding for the restoration of Rothesay Pavilion will help create new jobs, according to Economy Secretary Keith Brown.
Admiralty Arch, designed by Sir Aston Webb (completed in 1912) as part of the Queen Victoria memorial scheme, is being transformed into a luxury hotel, apartments and club.
Radical plans to pedestrianise London’s Oxford Street have been unveiled in a move intended to address air quality concerns and lessen problems of overcrowding in London.
ICOMOS is pleased to share the ‘ICOMOS Guidance on Post Trauma Recovery and Reconstruction for World Heritage Cultural Properties document.’
The Report examines changing attitudes about the role of the public sector in an era of austerity with commentator noting: ‘The danger is if councils lose their moral purpose’.
Developer behind Belfast’s Titanic Quarter is in talks re a major role in the leisure, tourism and residential development planned for SW Scotland creating a possible 1,000 jobs.