Last edited 10 Feb 2021

National compensation code

The national compensation code (the compensation code or the land compensation code) is the collective term for the principles derived from statute and case law, relating to compensation for compulsory acquisition, which ensures that when land is needed for an infrastructure project, the owners receive compensation to help them relocate. The code also ensures that those who experience real, physical events, for example vibration or noise, from a scheme once it is in operation are entitled to compensation.

Ref The HS2 London-West Midlands Environmental Statement, Glossary of terms and list of abbreviations, DETR 2013.

Formally there is no actual code. It is not a single document, but comprises a collection of enactments, consisting primarily of the Land Compensation Act 1961, the Compulsory Purchase Act 1965 and the Land Compensation Act 1973 (as amended by the Planning and Compensation Act 1991 and the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004), supplemented by case law informing the effect of these provisions and their predecessors.

Ref Crossrail information paper C2, Operation of the National Compensation Code, Crossrail 2007.

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