Local development framework LDF
Local Development Frameworks (LDF) were introduced under the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004. They were a set of documents prepared by a local planning authority which set out the spatial planning strategy for the local area, describing a vision for the area addressing the needs and opportunities in relation to housing, the economy, infrastructure and amenities. They also provided the basis for planning authorities to determine planning applications.
They replaced the previous system of county level structure plans, district level local plans, and unitary authority level unitary development plans, which were considered too difficult to change. Local Development Frameworks created a more flexible portfolio of documents that could be easily updated.
Local Development Frameworks consisted of:
- Development Plan Documents (DPD): A range of planning policy documents that set out the approach to development in the area, typically including a Core Strategy, Development Control Documents, Site Allocations proposals, area specific Action Plans, Proposals Maps and a Statement of Community Involvement.
- Supplementary Planning Documents (SPD): Providing further information and details to support the policies found in the development plan documents.
However, the Localism Act 2011, and the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF), introduced in 2012, consolidated the plan preparation process, replacing the term 'Local Development Framework' with the term 'Local Plan'. Rather confusingly however, both terms appear to continue in use, and the term ‘Development Plan Documents’ can also be used to describe the Local Plan.
Local Plans are prepared by one or more district planning authorities, setting out a framework for the future development of an area on a 15-year horizon. They define; the priorities for an area, strategic policies, the framework for neighbourhood plans, land allocations, infrastructure requirements, housing needs, requirements for safeguarding the environment, measures for adapting to climate change and so on. Local Plans are also the starting-point for considering whether planning applications should be approved. As with the Local Development Frameworks, Local Plans may be made up of a range of separate documents.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Core strategy.
- Development plan.
- Development plan documents.
- Local development scheme.
- Local plan.
- Neighbourhood plan.
- Planning authorities.
- Planning permission.
- Regional spatial strategy.
- Safeguarding land.
- Saved policies.
- Skeffington Report.
- Supplementary planning documents.
- The London Plan.
Featured articles and news
Read about RSHP's British Museum extension which has been shortlisted for the 2017 Stirling Prize.
Read our introductory article to building a house extension.
More updates from DCMS about the large-scale testing of cladding systems and the number of buildings affected.
UandI secure resolution to grant planning consent for major new regeneration project.
IHBC article considers how heritage is dealt with when infrastructure schemes are authorised.
It was the tallest structure in the world for 3,800 years, but to this day the exact construction techniques are a mystery.
Shortlist for the industry's most coveted award announced.
Government responds to Mark Farmer's review of industry, rejecting the call for a levy on clients.
Peter Hansford to examine what wider lessons can be learned from the fire.
Every project is subject to uncertainty. How can construction better understand uncertainty for performance improvement?
MAD Architects reveal their designs for a futuristic campus for electric car manufacturer.
Homebuyers could borrow more with better forecasting of energy bills, according to industry consortium's new report.
Read our introductory article on carbon capture and storage.