- Project plans
- Project activities
- Legislation and standards
- Industry context
Last edited 14 Feb 2018
Data Protection Act
The Data Protection Act 1998 is an Act of Parliament that relates to the storing of people's personal data, either on computers or in a paper filing system. The purpose of the act is to secure the legal rights of individuals to control information about themselves.
The Act must be complied with by any party that holds personal data. ‘Personal data’ is defined by the Act as being any data that could identify a living individual, i.e. name, address, telephone number, email address, and so on.
There are eight principles defined in the Act:
- Fair and lawful processing of personal data.
- Data shall be obtained only for one or more specified and lawful purposes.
- The data shall be adequate, relevant and not excessive.
- The data shall be accurate and, if necessary, kept up-to-date.
- Processed data shall not be stored for longer than necessary for the purpose/s.
- The rights of individuals should determine the processing of data.
- Unauthorised or unlawful data processing shall be met with appropriate measures.
- Personal data shall not be transferred outside the European Economic Area unless adequate levels of protection are ensured.
From 25 May 2018, the Act will be superseded by the General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR), intended to bring data protection legislation into line with the numerous ways that data is now used. There will also be higher penalties for breaches and non-compliance.
For more information, see GDPR.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Common data environment.
- Cyber security and engineering.
- Cyber threats to building automation and control systems.
- Data manager.
- General Data Protection Regulations (GDPR).
- Global Unique IDs (GUIDs).
- Information and communications technology.
- Information manager.
- Knowledge management.
- Open data.
Featured articles and news
Matt Rhodes, Quiss Technology, explains how an increasing number are falling victim to sophisticated cyber-attacks.
Assembly drawings represent items that consist of more than one component and show how they fit together.
Is the water sector under too much pressure from the regulator?
Everything you need to know about acoustics in under 800 words.
Check out our list of the 90 most unusual buildings of all time.
The government is to set a personal consumption target to reduce water use.
BSRIA calls for more education to promote fuels that are fit to burn.
Michael Gove admits air pollution is making people ill and shortening lives.
BRE call for a clearer, focused drive for the delivery of sustainable, quality developments.
Proposals for a 140m high observation wheel next to the Tyne.
Consistently one of our most popular articles - so just how much do you know about BoQ's?