To help develop this article, click 'Edit this article' above.
The Open Data Institute (ODI) proposes that 'open data' is information that is licensed for anyone to use, for any purpose, at no cost.
Open definition proposes that a 'work' is 'open' if it satisfies a number of conditions, including:
- Availability as a whole and at no more than a reasonable reproduction cost, preferably downloaded via the Internet without charge.
- Availability in a convenient and modifiable form.
- Its license does not restrict any party from selling or giving away the work.
- Its license does not require a royalty or other fee for sale or distribution.
- Its license allows modifications and derivative works to be distributed under the terms of the original work.
- It is provided in such a form that there are no technological obstacles to its use.
- Requirements for attribution are not onerous.
It suggests that 'work' denotes a piece of knowledge which is being transferred, whether that is; content such as music, films, books; data be it scientific, historical, geographic or otherwise; government and other administrative information.
See Open definition for more information.
The Open Data Institute suggest that when several different organisations publish data relating to a similar field, it is beneficial if they adopt the same format. Ideally, open data should be published in a format defined in an open standard, delivered over a protocol defined in an open standard, and licensed with an open licence.
Publishing open data can:
- Provide greater transparency and encourage participation.
- Make it easier to share and use information.
- Release value in poorly used data.
- Encourage innovation.
- Encourage collaboration.
- Increase use of paid-for products or services.
- Better prediction of demand pipelines.
- Better understanding of the availability of resources.
- Better understanding of how people use buildings.
- The analysis of performance data for buildings in use.
- Analysis of traffic flows.
- Better availability of product information and component models.
- Interoperability of software and exchange of building information models.
- Better creation of Construction Operations Building Information Exchange (COBie) files and linked data.
- Knowledge capture at the end of projects for the benefit of future projects.
- Closer and more straight-forward collaborative working.
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Big data.
- Building information modelling.
- Collaborative practices.
- Data from smart energy meters.
- File formats for BIM.
- How data can stop waste.
- Industry Foundation Classes.
- Internet of things.
- Knowledge management.
- Living in the hyperreal Post-Modern city.
- Making the most of big data.
- Native file.
- Open BIM.
- Open data - how can it aid the development of the construction industry?
- Open Data Institute.
- Smart buildings.
- Smart cities.
 External references
- The Open Data Institute.
- open definition.
- F.H. Abanda, W. Zhou, J. H. M. Tah and F. Cheung, Exploring the relationships between linked open data and building information modelling. Sustainable Building Conference 2013, Coventry University.
Featured articles and news
Shortlist for the industry's most coveted award announced.
Government responds to Mark Farmer's review of industry, rejecting the call for a levy on clients.
Peter Hansford to examine what wider lessons can be learned from the fire.
Every project is subject to uncertainty. How can construction better understand uncertainty for performance improvement?
MAD Architects reveal their designs for a futuristic campus for electric car manufacturer.
Homebuyers could borrow more with better forecasting of energy bills, according to industry consortium's new report.
Read our introductory article on carbon capture and storage.
Have a look at Frank Gehry's Binoculars Building in Los Angeles.
BRE publish new Loss Prevention Standard seeking to minimise fire risk from ducting.
How do we tell which infrastructure projects will work?
CIAT announce the establishment of a Working Group in light of Grenfell and call for contributions.
In 1900, 15% of global population lived in cities. Now it’s over 50%. Which is why we need ‘hydroinformatics’ to consume smarter.
Have a look at these competition-winning designs for a new residential development in Eindhoven.
£6.6bn worth of contracts to build the first phase announced by the government.