Last edited 10 Aug 2020

Borehole

The word ‘borehole’ is: ‘The generalised term for any narrow shaft bored in the ground either vertically or horizontally.’ Ref Containment systems for the prevention of pollution, Secondary, tertiary and other measures for industrial and commercial premises (CIRIA C736), published by CIRIA in 2014.

Rotary boreholes are used where drilled exploration through rock and other solid geological formations such as dense gravel is required. Depths of up to 100 m can be achieved and bedrock samples taken to a laboratory for examination.

Rotary open-hole boreholes are drilled where an understanding of the presence of voids is more important than the structural details of the ground, and are typically used in areas where mine workings are likely.

Rotary cored boreholes are drilled when the structural details of the underlying rock are required. A core barrel is lowered into the drilled hole and a flush circulated with air/mist or water.

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