Building Preservation Notice BPN
Building Preservation Notices (BPN) can be used to prevent un-listed buildings of special architectural or historic interest from being demolished or altered in a way that might affect their special character.
Section 3 of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 allows local planning authorities (and National Park authorities) to serve a BPN on a building owner (or in urgent cases, they may fix it to the building) if they consider a building is in danger of demolition or alteration in a way that might affect its special character. BPN’s take effect immediately, protecting the building for up to 6 months, as if it were listed.
The local planning authority (or National Park authority) must make an application to Historic England to list the building at the same time that the BPN is served.Historic England will assess the application and make a recommendation to the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. The BPN lapses once a decision has been made.
If the Secretary of State decides that the building should not be listed, then another BPN cannot be served on the building within 12 months of the decision, and the local planning authority (or National Park authority) may liable to pay compensation for any losses sustained as a result of the BPN.
Any works to a building that is the subject of a BPN require listed building consent. Failure to obtain consent is an offence, even if the Secretary of State subsequently decides not to list the building.
 Find out more
 Related articles on Designing Buildings Wiki
- Cautions or formal warnings in relation to potential listed building offences in England and Wales.
- Certificate of immunity.
- Conservation area.
- Conservation management plan.
- Designated areas.
- Listed building.
- Local interest list.
- Planning permission.
- Planning appeal.
- Planning objection.
- Sites of Special Scientific Interest.
- Tree preservation order.
- Urgent works in advance of a listed building consent.
- Use of direct action in heritage enforcement cases in England.
- VAT - protected buildings.
 External references
Understanding why and how buildings are listed this provides an introduction for owners, occupiers and agents about what listing means for them.