Last edited 18 Jan 2021

Building Preservation Notice BPN

Building Preservation Notices (BPN) can be used to prevent un-listed buildings of special architectural or historic interest from being demolished or altered in a way that might affect their special character.

Section 3 of the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 allows local planning authorities (and National Park authorities) to serve a BPN on a building owner (or in urgent cases, they may fix it to the building) if they consider a building is in danger of demolition or alteration in a way that might affect its special character. BPN’s take effect immediately, protecting the building for up to six months, as if it were listed.

The local planning authority (or National Park authority) must make an application to Historic England to list the building at the same time that the BPN is served.Historic England will assess the application and make a recommendation to the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport. The BPN lapses once a decision has been made.

If the Secretary of State decides that the building should not be listed, then another BPN cannot be served on the building within 12 months of the decision, and the local planning authority (or National Park authority) may liable to pay compensation for any losses sustained as a result of the BPN.

Any works to a building that is the subject of a BPN require listed building consent. Failure to obtain consent is an offence, even if the Secretary of State subsequently decides not to list the building.

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