Last edited 26 Sep 2021

Main author

Institute of Historic Building Conservation Institute / association Website

Saint Michael's Kirkyard, Dumfries: a Presbyterian Valhalla

Saint Michael's Kirkyard.jpg

Saint Michael's Kirkyard, Dumfries: a Presbyterian Valhalla, James Stevens Curl, NERFL Press, Holywood, 2021, 228 pages, black and white and colour illustrations.


This handsome book, which was published by subscription (to buy it, contact [email protected] for further details), follows a series of Stevens Curl’s recent works that are listed on the first page. He has developed a specialism in the scholarly analysis and presentation of buildings and monuments, such as the graveyard in Dumfries and others in Scotland that are the subject of this, his most recent volume. It covers the period in the 1800s when it was customary for those who could afford it to erect a costly and grand funeral monument to family members.

Saint Michael’s is the site of a tomb so famous that it is a widely visited shrine. It once had, as shown in one of the many photos here, a top-hatted gatekeeper. ‘The greatest of Scots’, Robert Burns (1759–96), is buried here. His monument, like Pushkin’s in a Russian monastery garden, celebrates a writer who created a language by setting down a rural vernacular alongside literary forms, just as Dante had done for Italian (his tomb in Ravenna is cited and shown in these pages).

My career as a conservation officer touched on similar monuments in and around London, such as two Victorian cemeteries in Ealing and Thomas Grey’s beautiful, evocative monument at Stoke Poges. Current practitioners or recruits might do well to keep a copy of this book in readiness as a permanent reminder of the depth of knowledge needed for the full understanding of such memorials. The extent of source material that the long career of Stevens Curl has put at his command and his painstaking, thorough exposition of it set a standard which we should all endeavour to reach.

Exposed to the damp and breezy Dumfriesshire climate, the memorials are subject to decay, and the author raises questions of preservation and maintenance. The book might inspire conservators to look at this kirkyard and others like it for examples of decay and suitable remedies. Ownership of the book will instruct newcomers to the field of architectural history on most methods of research and how our strongest interests derive by instinct from real-life experiences, even in youth.

The author allows us glimpses of his personal and family history. We learn of how the time was spent, many years ago, when waiting at Dumfries to reach the Stranraer ferry on the way to his parents’ home in Ireland in this very kirkyard between the bluest of skies and driving rain.


This article originally appeared as: ‘Here lies Robert Burns’ in Context 168, published by the Institute of Historic Building Conservation (IHBC) in June 2021. It was written by Graham Tite, gardener, cook and essayist.

--Institute of Historic Building Conservation

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